According to Oxford Dictionary (2004), personal space could be define as “the physical space immediately surrounding someone, into which any encroachment feels threatening to or uncomfortable for them”.
Personal space depends on multiple factors, one of these aspects is the cultural factor, which directly depends on the origin and background of the person involved. This cultural difference can be misunderstood and generate several conflicts, especially in the business area. As Bonvillian and Nowlin (1994) stated, “professional behavior in corporate America may be perceived as arrogance, insensitivity, overconfidence, or aggressiveness in another culture”. This could result in the American business person being perceived as insensitive to other cultures and jeopardize the person’s working relationship with international counterparts. This factor must be considered to avoid any personal space conflict.
Another factor that contributes to personal space is the situation or context the person is being exposed to which will determine the space between each individual. This will generate different reactions depending on it. For example, the use of intimate distance in public is not considered proper by adults, as Hall (1966) observed, “crowded subways and buses may bring strangers into what would ordinary be classed as intimate spatial relations, but subway riders have defensive devices. The basic tactic is to be as immobile as possible and when an extremity touches another person, withdraw if possible. If is not possible, the affected area is kept tense”.
The previous reaction was the result of pre-defined distance among...