CJA/393 Criminal Organizations
Personal Perception of Organized Crime
Before taking this class I had always thought of organized crime as a group of people who used violence and crime to get what they wanted or to not get in trouble when they commit crimes. I honestly thought that all organized crime groups were like the Sopranos or one of the movies I have seen on television. I also thought that the United States is where all the organized crime was and I was surprised to find that there are more crime groups all over the world. I learned from the reading that there were many different definitions for organized crime and I found that I was not so far off with my own definition.
According to the reading (2005) the American law enforcement agencies have been slow to even respond to the insightful changes that have come about with organized crime that has been brought about by globalization. The European agencies have drastically changed their views of organized crime and the structure of it. The National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) in the United Kingdom describe organized crime in four ways. These four ways include that the organized crime group will usually contain at least three people, the criminal activity within the group is usually ongoing and indistinct in length, the group will be motivated by the desire for revenue or even power, and the group will commit very serious criminal offenses (Lyman & Potter, 2007). This is pretty much what I thought of the crime organizations before doing the research, but I went with what I see on television more.
According to the United Nations (UN) there are five different ideal types of criminal organization in the world. These types are ranging from the most conventional forms of organized crime to the more modern organized networks. These types include standard hierarchy, regional hierarchy, clustered hierarchy, core groups, and...