Question 1: Discuss how Intel changed ingredient-marketing history. What did it do so well in those initial marketing campaigns?
During 1980s, Intel had developed the chips which set for personal computing which were known simply by their engineering numbers, such as “80386” or “80486” and then developing a series of product improvements. Competitors of Intel rapidly adopted the same naming convention and Intel had facing a problem to distinguish them. Therefore, Intel’s product names “286”, “386” and “486” could not be protected. At that time, Intel had facing difficult times to convince consumer to pay more for their high performance products. Thus, Intel had to find a way to become distinctive in what seemed to consumers to be a confusing, commodity marketplace. When Intel lost its battle for the “386” trademark, Intel created the ingredient-branding campaign and made history. They chose a name for its latest microprocessor introduction that could be trademarked, Pentium. In year 1991, the “Intel Inside” brand ingredient programme was almost 200 Other Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) partners with the objective of creating a consumer brand to make sense of the rapidly changing product cycles. Intel already had an established reputation as a quality producer of microprocessors among the Other Equipment Manufacturers (OEM). However, Intel needed to differentiate itself from its competitors and build a consumer brand and Intel believed it could position its chips as a premium product, which it could in turn sell at a premium price to computer manufacturers. To give computer manufacturers and their retail customers more reason to identify Intel in their market, Intel chose to market its product as a branded component. In year 1991, Intel launched the successful co-op program in which Intel gave the manufacturers significant rebates when they included the Intel logo in their PC advertising or when they place “Intel Inside” sticker on the outside of their...
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