Person Centered Counseling was created by Carl Rogers. This type of counseling deals with the ways in which people perceive themselves consciously rather than having a counselor try to interpret unconscious thoughts or ideas. There are many different components and tools used in person-centered counseling, including active listening and paraphrasing, and more. The real point is that the client already has the answers to the problems and the job of the counselor is to listen without making any judgments, without giving advice, and simply help the client feel accepted and understand their own feelings. The therapist creates a supportive, non-judgmental environment in which the client is encouraged to reach full potential. It differs from such theories such as Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis. In his theory of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud sought to explain how the unconscious mind operates by proposing that it has a particular structure. He proposed that the self was divided into three parts: the Ego, the Superego and the Id. Each refers to an aspect of peoples functioning.
A frequent criticism of the person-centered approach is that delivering the core conditions is what all good therapists do anyway, before they move on to applying their expertise and do. Another criticism as mentioned by Dr. Wade Hannon, is that the person centered approach is a long process (Hannon, 2006). However, with person center approach there is not a time limit. Dr Wade Hannon goes on to mention the many cases were two or three sessions were needed and other cases were more time was needed (Hannon et. al, 2006). Dr. Hannon goes on to say that person centered approach is not flourishing in the United States because the approach is people are now being looked at to manipulate and that is part of because the person centered approach (Hannon, et al, 2006). As we know the society is not interested in these things unless it’s something that can be used as a money maker.
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