Thinking Assignment #2
1. Describe Pavlov’s famous salivating dog experiment.
Pavlov introduced a variety of edible and non-edible items and measures the saliva production that the items produced. Salivation, he noted, is a reflexive process. It occurs automatically in response to a specific stimulus and is not under conscious control. However, Pavlov noted that the dogs would often begin salivating in the absence of food and smell. He quickly realized that this salivary response was not due to an automatic, physiological process. Based on his observations, Pavlov suggested that the salivation was a learned response. The dogs were responding to the sight of the research assistants' white lab coats, which the animals had come to associate with the presentation of food. Unlike the salivary response to the presentation of food, which is an unconditioned reflex, salivating to the expectation of food is a conditioned reflex. 2. Here is a dumb one, but it’s the best I have. Women typically go and get their nails done on monthly bases. When you first begin to go things are all new to you, the sound of the devices they use to clean and prep your nails for service, the sights, sounds, and smells. One of the things that remind me of getting my nails done no matter where I am is the smell of the acrylic that they use on top. I could be walking down a block and pass a salon and smell this and automatically want to go in and get a quick manicure. Q2
2. Summarize the research on autobiographical memory and flashbulb memories. How accurate are these memories, who is most likely to have memories of early life experiences, and what kinds of early memories are people most likely to have? Autobiographical memory- is a recollection of events that happened in our life and when they took place. In the early twenty-first century there is general agreement among memory researchers that memory consists of a number of distinctly different types of memory rather than one single...
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