Patidarangia Dialect

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SYNOPSIS
The problem to be investigated:
The dialect of Palashbari (Palashbaria) and Pati Darrang (Patidarrangia) : A comparative study. Introduction:
Because of some political, social, cultural and geographical causes, if a particular area with certain language is not communicated in a regular basis, then the language of that area forms regional dialects. The Assamese language which is used and spread in a large area of both the two banks of the Brahmaputra valley also gives birth to various local and regional variations like the dialects found in the southern region of the valley, the dialects of Sivsagar, the dialects of Pati Darrang etc. In the proposed study, we try to make a comparative study between the dialects of PatiDarang and Palashbari. Palashbari, a commercially advanced small rural area, is situated in the Southern bank of Brahmaputra in the district of Kamrup. Although, no big industries have been grown till date, Palashbari occupies quite a great significant place in the silk and wood industry of the country. In the reign of the British, there was a port in the river Brahmaputra in Palashbari. It was the only water route through which loads of jute and tea were exported to the then Calcutta (kolkota). Consequently, the place grew up as a centre of commercial activities. However, still there is a special feature in the spoken language of the local people of Palashbari. This speciality is seen in all the four essential characteristics of a language- phonology, morphology, lexicology and syntax. There are some similarities between the dialect of Pati Darrang and the dialect of Darrang (Darrangia) in Mangaldoi. But a great difference is seen between the dialects of Middle Kamrup and that of the Pati Darrang. In short, there are lots of differences between other Assamese dialects and the dialects of Kamrup (Kamrupia). In tone, mode and vocabulary, a slight variation is seen in each village where the dialect is used. The geographical distance between Palashbari and Pati Darrang is only approximately 55 kms. But still a great difference is seen in their socio-economic political and cultural life. So here, it is tried to find out the actual truth of our study. ‘Palashbaria’ and ‘Patidarrangia’ , both are the two regional variations of the ‘Kamrupi’ dialect of Assamese language. Dr. Banikanta Kakati also mentions about the dialect of Pati Darrang in his research paper. In the first to twelfth edition of ‘Dakshin kol’ a journal published by a literary meet ‘Palashbari Sahitya Sabha’ a good deal of discussion is done on the socio-cultural and historical life of Palashbari . Aditya Ch. Deka, a research scholar, also prepared a research paper on the dialect of Pati Darrang for the partial fulfillment of his research. In the same way,a lady named Mamun Kalita also obtained M.Phil. degree on ‘Palashbaria dialect’ from Gauhati University. Besides these, a lot of articles and research papers have been published on the dialect of Palashbari. Although, a lot of such discussions have been done, yet a comparative study of both the dialects has not been done till date. It is expected that such study may help in illuminating the study of Assamese language as a whole. For example, we can show the difference of the three variations in the use of asserted affix in the following way- Standard Assamese Palashbaria Patidarangia ‘ta’ - ‘tinita’ (three) ‘tinta’ ‘tinte’

In the same way, in the use of words also we observe certain local variations. For example- Standard Assamese Palashbaria Patidarangia ‘Koka’(grand father) ‘Aata’ ‘Aate’ There is a great scope of unearthing more information regarding such differences.

Objectives of the Research topic:
The study of the regional verities of a language helps in finding out the hidden and...
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