An example of passivization
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The transformation of a sentence from an active form to a passive form. Verb: passivize.
Through the process of passivization, the direct object of an active declarative sentence can become the subject of a passive sentence.
The opposite of passivization is activization. Both terms were coined by linguist Noam Chomsky.
* Active Voice and Passive Voice
* Deep Structure and Surface Structure
* Practice in Changing Verbs From Passive to Active
* Transformational Grammar
Examples and Observations:
* "Passivisation . . . keeps together those units or bits of language that form a constituent:
(i) The man in the service station was seen by Muriel.
(ii) The man was seen by Muriel in the service station."
(Angela Downing and Philip Locke, A University Course in English Grammar. Routledge, 2002)
* "Passivisation allows you to leave out the Actor in Material processes, Experiencer in Mental processes, and Sayer (speaker) in Verbal process clauses:"
Material: Poachers killd the elephant - the elephant was killed
Mental: Rangers noticed the vultures - the vultures were noticed
Verbal: The marksmen told the poacher to freeze - the poacher was told to freeze
Sometimes this enables newspapers, for instance, to protect sources by omitting the sayer, or to retail their own opinions as though they... [continues]
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