Norfolk State University
Names of People in Your Group
April 29, 2010
This following report provides the results of a community health assessment conducted by Group # 00, Nursing Students at Norfolk State University. The purpose of the Community Health Assessment is to evaluate the health status and quality of life for residents in Park Place Community. The assessment was conducted in April 5, 2010. The assessment will include a synopsis of Healthy People 2010; 25-11, a Wind Shield Survey and Likert Survey.
Healthy People 2010
The social, psychological, and physical danger caused by unsafe sex can be disrupting to life processes and may even be lethal. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Healthy People 2010, 25-11 ,goal is to Promote responsible sexual behaviors, strengthen community capacity, increase access to quality services to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and their complications. The study was conducted on a population of 16-to-21 year old students. In this population there are many health and social issues associated with unprotected sex. According to the Virginia Department of Health (2008), Virginians Living HIV/ AIDS there is 26% Female and 73% male. In 2008, Virginia reported Total Early Syphilis (TES) diagnoses increased by 23%, from 407 in 2007 to 499 cases in 2008. Black males represent approximately two thirds of the total reported cases in 2008 (65%). Approximately half of reported cases among Black males were of age 15 to 24 years old (39%). Among Virginians, males are 8 times more likely to be diagnosed with TES than females, and Blacks are 10 times more likely than Whites. Due to the high incidence of STD’s, a community assessment of the Park Place community was performed. This assessment was conducted to identify the presence of sexual active adolescents, as well as, resources available to teach safe sex practices, and the effectiveness of those resources. An intense social and political debate continues in the United States regarding sexuality education. Included in the debate are those who favor comprehensive approaches, those who favor abstinence-only approaches, and those who favor no sexuality education. Despite rising rates of sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy, school-based sexuality education remains controversial in the United States relative to other industrialized nations. Large national studies have shown that most parents in the United States favor sexuality education approaches in schools that provide scientifically and medically accurate information on sexual health issues, including condom use, still, minorities of opponents have claimed that discussing condom use will most likely increase risky sexual behaviors. (Dodge, Reece, & Herbenrick, 2009). A research study showed that men who received school-based condom education were less likely to be diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and were more likely to never being tested for a STI, than men who have never received sex education.( Dodge, Reece, & Herbenrick, 2009).
An estimated nine million cases of sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), occur in persons aged 15-24 in the United States each year, accounting for 48% of all new cases. Human papillomavirus (HPV), trichomoniasis, and Chlamydia account for 88% of new STD’s among adolescents (Weinstocks, Berman, & Cates, 2005). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that STI’s is 50 to 100 times higher in the US than in other industrialized nation (CDC, 2007). Short and long-term consequences of STDs may include genital and other cancers, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, pre-term births, and low birth weight.
It is estimated that the direct medical cost of STDs among 15-24 year olds in the United States excluding non-medical, indirect, and...