Paper 1 –
1. (a) What evidence is there in Source D to suggest that Stalin’s motive for the mass arrests of the late 1930s was to obtain slave labour? (3 marks)
Evidence in Source D that suggests that Stalin's motive for the mass arrests of the late 1930s was to gain slave labor is that “the mass arrest of the late 1930s may have been carried out to satisfy Stalin's desire for slave labor,” and “more prison laborers were urgently needed.” (Quotes from the extract)
(b) What do you understand by “absurd inefficiency” as used in Source D? (2 marks)
In Source D, “absurd inefficiency” means that the overpopulation of the prison laborers in the camps made them disorganized which in the end made it difficult for the camp commanders to handle them.
2. Compare and contrast Stalin’s view of industralization as a war economy as expressed in Sources B and E. (6 marks)
Both sources share the view that the purpose of industrialization was for the making of a war economy, “to prepare for war against the capitalist enemies abroad.” However, for Source B, the view for the Five Year Plans is that, “Essentially the Plan was a huge propaganda project, aimed at convincing the Soviet people that they were engaged in a great industrial enterprise of their own making.” It was a propaganda project promoting industrialization for the purpose of war, but the Soviet people weren't aware of the “war” part, only the industrialization. In Source E, since it is a poster that is used for the purpose of propaganda, it instead puts the Five Year Plan in a better light, showing that the Five Year Plan will be successful in the future, that it will surely benefit the U.S.S.R. in the future, and that the U.S.S.R. will be prepared to defeat its enemies abroad (the capitalist enemies) in case of future wars.
3. With reference to their origin and purpose, assess the value and limitations of Source A and Source C for historians studying...
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