In Bangladesh, the Ready Made Garments sector is playing an important role in enhancing our economy and this sector draws global attention for its quality production and huge employment women workers. From decades after decades it seems that the dependence on Garment industry growing in Bangladesh. Textiles make up about 85% of Bangladesh's exports, earning the country some $6bn annually and currently, this sector employs approximately 2.2 million workers, of whom almost 80% are women. (Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh, 2008 edition). Though this sector is dealing with a large number of female labor pool but most of them are unaware about the health and safety issues as well as their rights for the secure working environment and equal treatment. It is fair to say that this sector has created enormous economic opportunities for the country’s women. Despite the great effort which these brave women working hard day and night are showing, are not getting the due recognition from their employers which they very rightly deserve. Not only that, they are even denied of their basic rights. When it comes to their reproductive health and other related issues, very less importance are given. Although the scenario is changing for good day by day, nevertheless they are constantly being ignored from many basic facilities which are essential for their day to day living.
Purpose of our Study
To be explicit, in short the purpose of the study is to get an understanding of working conditions and environment for female garments workers with focus on the reproductive health issues as per the ethical perspective. The study also wish to get an idea of problems and challenges face by female garments workers in relation to working conditions and reproductive health issues. To conduct the study, the key questions that we used to figure out our issues of interest are as follows: i) How working conditions and environment are affecting female garments workers reproductive health rights? ii) Are female garments workers aware of their reproductive health issues? iii) Do garments have any role to make them aware of their reproductive health issues? Based on the analysis of these three focused questions (as to get the answer we structured our interview questionnaire for both Face to face & FGD) we tried our best to give some recommendations from ethical business practice issues.
The Methods of this study includes interview method, sampling method, Focus group Discussion to collect data and analyze these data with considering ethical issues as well. Here we have done a descriptive data analysis to reach a decision on making recommendation for the company. The details are as follows:
Sources and Methods of Data Collection:
For collecting data and analyzing to reach the purpose of our study we used both Qualitative & Quantitative method for data collection. The data used in this study were collected from primary sources with a standard questionnaire used in face to face interview session with the female workers of Palmal Group’s selected five garments. Though the questionnaire was structured but we accepted any kind of information and opinion of interviewees which they wanted to share with us. Since our target was to rely on female garments workers opinion, we just count workers as our interview sample. Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with female workers were conducted to complement the interview findings and to give them a comfort level we, the female group members, talked with them as they had to answer some sensitive issues related to reproductive issues..
Sample Design and technique
Questionnaire survey was conducted on 100 female garments workers from five garments factories under the PALAMAL Group of Industries. We used random sampling method for interviewee selection. Ten workers from each factory were interviewed. Among the FGDs, two were conducted in two different...