Paine vs Chalmers

Thomas Paine, Republic, Common Sense (pamphlet)

Paine VS Chalmers

Thomas Paine and James Chalmers were two men with different ideas and different social-political backgrounds. Chalmers was an American Landowner in Maryland while Paine was an Englishman who arrived from England to Pennsylvania with one purpose in mind: dissolving the English Monarchy in the English Colonies in America. Even though these two characters were established in America, their ideas concerning Democracy and Monarchy were different. Paine was in favor of the abolition of the Monarchy through democracy with his argument about class distinctions and privileges. For example, he criticized the fact that the monarchy believed their power came directly from God. Chalmers was in favor of the Monarchy ruling in the Americas since he and his social class were getting a lot of benefits by being tied to the British Crown. Paine thought that the English King was unworthy of having power, and he thought that the English Constitution was tyrannical. It is well understood that Paine came to the Americas with the idea of getting rid of the Monarchy by starting a revolution in America. He would later go to France and help them start the French Revolution. Paine’s Common Sense led Chalmers to write an essay concerning the benefits of Monarchy in response to Paine’s challenge that anyone who believed there was a single good reason to have Monarchy in America should show it. Chalmers claimed the English Constitution as the greatest defense of human rights known to man, since he was given the right to land and slaves by submitting to the English Crown. Paine had the opposing point of view about Monarchy. He believed that all men were born equals and therefore hereditary power was undeserved. Another different point of view we encounter between these two characters is concerning Commerce. Chalmers believed that by getting independence from the British, a failure in commerce would result. Furthermore, a war between creditors and debtors would end in a...
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