The defeat of Napoleon in 1815 and the defeat of Germany in 1918 both prompted a European peace conference to be held. The Congress of Vienna held after Napoleon’s defeat established equilibrium of power in Europe. In doing this and imposing lenient measures, they maintained peace in Europe. On the contrary, the Treaty of Versailles aggressively pursued the punishment of Germany. The Treaty of Vienna following the Napoleonic Wars instituted fair demands that successfully suppressed French aggression whereas the harsh demand for reparations on the devastated German economy in the Treaty of Versailles failed to suppress future German aggression.
The Treaty of Vienna prevented future aggression after the Napoleonic Wars by realistically dealing with defeated France. a.
Congress of Vienna met in 1815 in order to construct a lasting peace settlement. b.
First Peace of Paris gave France the boundaries it possessed in 1792 c.
Metternich, Talleyward and Castlereagh believed that a balance of power in Europe would prevent future aggression by France and other countries i.
Low Countries were united under the Dutch monarchy
Prussia received territory on the Rhine- France’s eastern border iii.
Polish kingdom created
France lost very little territory and had to pay only 700 million Francs in reparations e.
Quadruple Alliance agreed to meet occasionally and discuss interests in Europe and maintain peace
The Treaty of Versailles after World War I sought unnecessarily harsh demands on an already crippled Germany and ultimately led to the breakdown of the Treaty and peace in Europe. a.
Met at Versailles in 1919 with intentions of a peace settlement and high German reparations b.
Unrealistic goals of the Treaty were unable to be ratified or enforced i.
League of Nations proposed by Wilson, meant ot maintain peace in Europe and avert future wars. Unable to enforce peace in Europe ii.
France made defensive Alliance with Britain and U.S.; U.S. adopted...
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