TOPIC : Discuss the organizational structure and achievements of ASEAN
SUBMITTED TOSUBMITTED BY
Mrs. Jigasa SrivastavSaurabh Kumar
The member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar. The countries of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have a combined population of 890 million and now constitute one of the fastest growing regions in the world. The ASEAN economy has grown to a combined gross national product (GNP) of about S312 billion and a percapita of US$496 ASEAN's average economic growth rate was as high as 5.5 percent for the period 1980 to 1990, much higher than the world export growth of 10.8 percent. Foreign investment into ASEAN, on the other hand, grew as fast as 40 percent. History
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the Bangkok Declaration by the five original Member Countries namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined the Association on 8 January 1984. Vietnam became the seventh member of ASEAN on 28 July 1995. Laos and Myanmar were admitted into ASEAN on 23 July 1997. The First Summit Meeting was held in Bali, Indonesia in February 1976, during which, the five Member Countries signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia and the Declaration of ASEAN Concord. Both documents signified ASEAN's aims towards ensuring regional peace and stability and to foster economic and social growth and enhancing the need for cooperation with all peace-loving nations. The Second Summit Meeting was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 1977 to commemorate the Tenth Anniversary of ASEAN and to assess the progress in the implementation of the decisions taken at the Bali Summit. The Third Summit Meeting took place in Manila, Philippines in December 1987. The thrust of this Summit was on economic cooperation. The Member Countries signed the Manila Declaration and set up the ASEAN Plan of Action. The Protocol Amending the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia was also signed to enable countries outside the ASEAN region to accede to the Treaty. The Fourth Summit was held in Singapore in January 1992. The ASEAN Heads of Government signed the Singapore Declaration of 1992 and the Framework Agreement on Enhancing ASEAN Economic Cooperation. One of the major outcomes of this Summit is the decision to set up the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) within 15 years. The Fifth Summit was held in Bangkok, Thailand in December 1995. This was the first Summit where the ASEAN Leaders met with their counterparts from Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar. This initial meeting of all the Leaders of the ten Southeast Asian states saw the signing of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty. The Sixth Summit will be held in Vietnam in 1998.
1) ASEAN Heads of Government
The highest authority of ASEAN is the Meeting of the ASEAN Heads of Government, the ASEAN Summit. In 1992, the Fourth ASEAN Summit in Singapore decided that the ASEAN Heads of Government would meet formally every three years and informally at least once in between to lay down directions and initiatives for ASEAN activities. In 1995, the Fifth ASEAN Summit in Bangkok decided to hold annual Informal Summits in between the formal ASEAN Summits which take place every three years. The First Informal Summit was held in Jakarta in December 1996. 2) ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM)
The ASEAN Foreign Ministers meet annually during the AMM. The AMM, established by the 1967 Bangkok Declaration, is responsible for the formulation of policy guidelines and coordination of ASEAN activities. At the 1977 Kuala Lumpur Summit, the ASEAN Heads of...