I. ASEAN Background
By the end of the twentieth century, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was experiencing growing pains. The organization had changed vastly since its inception in 8 August 1967, when it served as a political bulwark against the Cold War superpowers in order to protect the independence of its founding member states—Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN. Moreover, the area of ASEAN is 4,5million sq kms (3% of the total land area of Earth). For population, ASEAN have 601 million people (8, 8% of the world population. Political system is liberal, Islamic and socialist systems. GDP are US$ 1,800 billion- per capital $2,995 (in 2010). NOTE that, if ASEAN becomes a single market, it will ranks as the 9th largest economy in the world. Additional, the purpose that ASEAN established are because of those severs reasons: 1. To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavors in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations; 2. To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter; 3. To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields; 4. To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres; 5. To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilization of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples; 6. To promote Southeast Asian studies; and
7. To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves. II.
ASEAN government and Politic
a. Political party system
In the ASEAN political system, there have 6 type systems that they are going to practices. First is, one party system, which is single party that controls every level of government and is the only legal party. It’s associated with authoritarian regimes (Vietnam, Laos, China…). Second, Dominant party systems, which is many parties contest in elections, but there is only one party always wins (Cambodia, Singapore, Malaysia…). Third, Two party systems, which is two parties take turn in winning the election (US, UK…). Fourth, Multiparty system, which is several competing parties (Indonesia, Philippines…). Five, Two plus party system, which is country having two big and one or more small parties. Many democratic countries now have two large parties with one or more relevant smaller parties (Thailand). The last one party system, Fluid party system, which have a lot of party to election, but after elected, those party will disappeared b. Political operation
Actually that bilateral cooperation between members’ countries of ASEAN is often antagonistic, such as Singapore with Malaysia, Malaysia with Thailand, Thailand with Myanmar, Cambodia with Thailand, Thailand with Laos, Malaysia with Indonesia, Cambodia with Vietnam, and Malaysia with Philippines…… Moreover, bilateral cooperation more is conflict by the country that is nearly each other, to solve while the rest remains, some disputes such as border...
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