Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Topics: Solvent, Oxygen, Chemical polarity Pages: 1 (335 words) Published: February 19, 2013
Comparison between Organic and Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds| Inorganic Compounds|
*Organic Compounds are composed of few elements only.C, H,O,N,S,P and halogens are the most common.| * Inorganic Compounds are composed of all the known elements.| *They are generally found in living matter, i.e., animals and plants.| *They are generally obtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals.| *They are usually gases, liquids or solids having low melting points.| *They are usually solids having high melting and boiling points.| *These, being covalent compounds, are generally insoluble in water and other polar solvents. These are fairly soluble in non-polar solvents.| *These, being electrovalent compounds, are generally soluble in water and other polar solvents. However, these are insoluble in non-polar solvents.| *The number of these compounds is very large, i.e., well over five million organic compounds are known. Every year thousands of new compounds are added to the existing list.| *The number of these compounds is small, i.e. about one lakh inorganic compounds are known. Their number has become somewhat fixed as new compounds are rarely discovered.| *They are generally volatile and inflammable.| *They are generally non-volatile and non-combustible.| *Their solutions are non- conductors of electricity.| * Their solutions are good- conductors of electricity.| *Chemical reactions are molecular and slow. The yields are poor due to side reactions.| *Chemical reactions are ionic and fast. The yields are quantitative and there is no side reaction.| *They exhibit the phenomenon of isomerism.| *The co-ordination compounds show the phenomenon of isomerism only.| *They have been classified into many classes on the basis of functional groups. Each class is represented by a general formula and the members show similar properties. Each class is known as homologous series.| *Homologous series are not found. The compounds are mainly divided...
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