Oregon Trail

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Question: What did the pioneers on the Oregon Trail face and what history was made and is still known today?

Thesis: The Oregon Trail was not an easy trip. The pioneers faced many problems along the way such as Cholera and dysentery. The Native Americans did not make the trip and easier for them either.

Introduction

A) Over 300,000 immigrants attempted to travel the route of the Oregon Trail, and only approximately 140,00 made it to the other side. The trip across the west was a tough endeavor. Many things that pioneers came upon made the trip even harder. B) I think that everyone should be educated on what our ancestors have gone through in the past to be where we are today. To many people take history for granted and do not care. We are the ones who will have to carry this information over to our next generation so we need to be educated C) The Oregon Trail was not an easy trip. The pioneers faced many problems along the way such as Cholera and dysentery. The Native Americans did not make the trip and easier for them either.

I) Illnesses
A) Cholera
1) You could be fine the night before and dead in the morning 2) Number one killer on the Oregon trail (Jaffe)
B) Head and Body Lice
1) Most common disease on the trail
2) Not bathing caused this disease to overtake the pioneer population C) Malaria
1) Malaria was passed around by mosquitoes (Parkman, p. 10) 2) Malaria attacks your liver first penetrating the cells to kill you rapidly

II) Native Americans
A) Tribes
1) Cheyenne ruled the north part of the trail.
2) Dewnee ruled the southern part of Oregon Trail
B) Helpful
1) Indians were more helpful than not
2) Helped emigrants through tough terrain that the natives knew like the back of their hand (Olsen) C) Massacres
1) Between 3000-4500 people were killed from Indians along the Oregon Trail 2) Grattan Massacre, Massacre Rocks Incident and Bear River...
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