Mary Jane Santos
Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of BS Information Technology
Integrated College of Business and Technology
The Problem and Its Background
In essence, grading is an exercise in professional judgment on the part of instructors. It involves the collection and evaluation of evidence on students' achievement or performance over a specified period of time, such as nine weeks, an academic semester, or entire school year. Through this process, various types of descriptive information and measures of students' performance are converted into grades or marks that summarize students' accomplishments. The increasing usage of computers in the mid and late 90’s gave way for the birth of a new technological advancement that had assisted teachers and professors to easily compute for grades, the digitization of spreadsheets. The main advantage is speed, since no manual calculations are needed, and confirmation of grade for any further necessary alterations can also be performed more quickly than traditional means. Managing grades had become easier for instructors when using electronic spreadsheets. With the advancement of information technology at the turn of the millennium, the Internet suddenly became an important aspect for local and global connectivity. Because the world’s PCs were logically connected through the Internet medium, communication had been easier with the use of E-Mail, ICQ, message boards and other communication programs. As the technology’s complexities and bandwidth arise, so does the need for software to utilize them. From basic text and images, innovation pushed web sites to include tools for specialized services. The need to inject applications to the fundamental web pages gave birth to server-side scripts like PHP, and database applications like MySQL. In turn, specialized online systems for different areas like education and commerce were developed using these tools.
Significance of the Study
Institutions like universities and colleges often have complex and lengthy computations when it comes to final grading since computations of grades which includes a number of quizzes, assignments, seat works, projects, major examinations and other curricular activities. Traditionally, this was done manually with pen and paper and is usually paired up with high queues of record books. An old manual system of grading or computations can take 3 to 5 minutes per student record to fully transpire and a procedure this tedious is a burden to anyone in the present fast paced and demanding profession. The primary objective of this study is to develop a secured online grading management system for professors, instructors and students.. This study will reduce and eliminate the amount of time required by the instructor to personally provide necessary feedback to the students and at the same time to make available a means by which students can easily verify that each of their score have been recorded. Another is that, it will provide a spreadsheet-like environment and adequate tools so instructors can customize a grading outline according to their preferences. Lastly, the study will automate an archival process in which it is initialized after finalizing the student’s grade. Like many of today’s applications, there are always positive effects or contributions to different types of users and institutions. This online application will benefit the professors because it will render the need of using external spreadsheet software unnecessary. This application will also reduce the time and effort needed in accomplishing final grade reports. In addition this will benefit the students because they can view the grading process of their performance. The school will also benefit on the long run because lesser time would be consumed in providing grade...