There are countless evidences in this universe, which substantiate the unity and Oneness of Allah. The significance of such evidences is adequately mentioned in the Qur an. Allah describing about His own identity states: شَهِدَ اللهُ أَنَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَأُولُوا الْعِلْمِ قَائِمًا بِالْقِسْطِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمِ “Allah bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but He, and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. None has the right to be worshipped but He, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Surah Aal-‘Imran 3:18]. An eminent poet has elucidated his thoughts in a meaningful poem:
In everything, there is a sign,
Which proves to the unity of Allah
Wondering then: How can people disobey God?
Or how can a denier reject God?
To Allah, in every move,
And in every halt always a witness.
The following aspects offer a wider perspectives and plain in proving the unity and Oneness of Allah: (1) The natural phenomena
(2) Different aspects of divine laws.
(3) The rationale of life
(4) Logic or common sense.
(5) Reaching to conclusion from the Names and Attributes of Allah. These aspects clearly prove the existence of Allah and exemplify the three basic concepts of Islamic Monotheism (Oneness of Allah), as mentioned earlier, which correlate with one another. Therefore, ascribing partner with Allah in any one of the three above-mentioned concepts, is tantamount to committing polytheism in all other concepts as well. For instance, If a person seeks Dua’a (supplication) from other than Allah is considered a kind of worship and clearly an act of Shirk or polytheism with Allah in His worship. In this context, invoking others (persons or things) than Allah is like seeking their intermediation and believing that they (intermediaries) can interfere and recommend to Allah on behalf of the supplicant and fulfill his/her requirements. This is completely an act of shirk or polytheism and tantamount to ascribing partner(s) with Allah, the Lord (Rabb) of the Universe. Moreover, a supplicant who assumes that others besides Allah also possessed the power of hearing and seeing and could answer his/her invocation (Du aa) is considered as an act of shirk (polytheism) as regards to Names and Attributes of Allah. First, it is a gross violation of divine laws to supplicate others than Allah. In no way this act is acceptable in Islam. Moreover, it is an act of Shirk (polytheism) if a person believing that with whom he/she engaged in supplication other than Allah can listen to him/her no matter whether faraway or closer. It is, therefore, considered as a major act of Shirk (polytheism) with Allah in His worship as associating or correlating someone or something with Names and Attributes of Allah, Who is the Lord (Rabb) of the universe. The reason for above-mentioned evidence can more elaborately be explained here:. (1) EVIDENCES FROM THE NATURE:
Fitrah in literary Arabic denote to the innate character of a particular person. According to an authentic scholarly view the meaning of this word specifically signifies the Islam. Among those scholars, who are of this opinion, include Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Teemiyah and his student Ibn Al-Qayyim, etc. It is instinct of every human being at his/her birth, who is inclined to the true belief in his/her Lord. This inclination remains intact in all humans before he/she is happened to be nurtured in a typical environment and different reflections of life other than Islam. As the man grows under the influence of different tenets of a religion other than Islam his basic inclination towards the Oneness of Allah (Islamic Monotheism) tends to divert and as the time passes that ultimately vanishes from his heart. Allah’s Messenger () said,
« كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ...
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