Title: Old School
Author: Tobias Wolff
Date of Publication: 4/11/2003
Genre: Fictional Biography
Biographical information about the author: Tobias Jonathan Ansell Wolff was born on June 19th, 1945 in Birmingham, Alabama. He attended Concrete High School, which is located in Washington. Also, Wolff was expelled from the boarding school he applied to, under the self-published name of Tobias Jonathan von Ansell-Wolff, III. Wolff served in the U.S Army, in the 1960’s. Holding a First Class honors degree in English from Hertford College, Oxford and a Masters degree from Stanford University, he is a much appreciated person. Along his life he has taught at many prestigious universities such as Stanford and Syracuse. Furthermore, he was awarded a Wallace Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing at Stanford. In addition, he has also educated many famous authors of American Literature, including Jay McInerney, Tom Perrotta, George Saunders, Alice Sebold, William Tester, Paul Griner, Ken Garcia, and Paul Watkins. As a writer Wolff’s most prized and profitable book is The Boy’s Life, a funny sad memoir of growing up with a nomadic mother and an abusive father. Now, Wolff is leading a glorious life under the California sun with his lovely wife and three children. Historical information about the period of publication: Starting from the years of 2000-2003, many important and historical events occurred, that changed the future of the United States of America. In the year 2000, a very close presidential election took place and no clear winner was declared in the presidential contest between Vice President Al Gore and Texas governor George W. Bush. In the end, because of the Supreme Court’s ruling against the manual recount in certain Florida counties, as it would violate the Constitution’s equal protection and due process guarantees; making Bush the 43rd president of the U.S. On September 11th 2001, the most tragic and the most devastating attack, the United States has ever had takes place, when two hijacked jetliners collide with the twin towers of the World Trade Center; a third plane crashes into the Pentagon, and the fourth crashes into the outskirts of Pennsylvania; killing the more than 3000 people and destroying the trademark of New York city’s precious skyline. These attacks were said to be the works of a very notorious terrorist group called the Al Qaeda, led by an infamous Saudi Arabian radical whose name is Osama Bin Laden. In 2002, President Bush has his first state of the Union address, where he classifies, Iran, Iraq, and North Korea an “axis of evil”, and announces that United States will wage war against states that produce weapons of mass destruction. The following year of 2003 the N.A.S.A, space shuttle Columbia explodes after its remigration into earth’s atmosphere, annihilating all seven astronauts on board. The war that the U.S and Great Britain initiate against Iraq begins, and the President signs a $350 billion tax- cut bill, thus the year of 2003 ends. Historical information about the period in which the narrative is set: The events that happened in the 60’s, is what led to the growth of America and helped in developing the U.S to what it is now. This was the time when children from the post war baby boom turned into teenagers. These teenagers were fed up with the conservative norms of that time, but they also removed themselves from mainstream liberalism. The materialism in that era was so banal that it created “counter culture” that triggered a social revolution throughout much of the western world. The youngsters involved in the popular social demeanor of the movement became known as hippies. These hippies had three principles; eat sex and rock n roll. Other than movements, and protests, the United States was progressing towards the Scientific and the technological department. On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11, the first human spaceflight landed on the moon and making...
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