I agree with this statement to a point but I do think there are some aspects of the story that could be described as optimistic or hopeful.
An example of a pessimistic event in the story is the shooting of Candy’s dog. The idea that the dog is old and smelly and should therefore be shot as it can no longer carry out a purpose or function is a very pessimistic one indeed. It seems that Steinbeck is suggesting that unless something has an obvious purpose or use it is worthless and is better off not existing. This in turn lends stock to make the reader wonder about the worth and value of their own lives and their purpose.
Another example of a pessimistic aspect of this story is the way some of the characters allude to different way of life almost wistfully. For example Curley’s wife talks repeatedly about her chance for fame. “I was gonna be in the movies”, she says this repeatedly, to anyone who listens long enough. She seems to be regretful about how her life played out and almost wishes she did have the chance to be “in the movies”. Another character who seems to do this to an extent is George. When he isn’t dreaming about having his own land, he moans about how different his life would be without Lennie. He seems so dissatisfied with his life and wishes for something different. This is quite pessimistic because it illustrates the deeper, darker feelings of the characters. It is quite a depressing thing to read about that much unhappiness and regret among only a few people.
However, there is one main optimistic point I feel has to be made. All the way through the story, whatever the situation, Lennie has a wonderful sense of hope about the farm they dream of owning. He amuses himself endlessly thinking about this farm and all the wonderful things they’ll be able to do there. Even when he is in a dangerous...