Nvq Level 3 Abuse

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West Lancashire College
CANDIDATE’S EVIDENCE REPORT

Candidate’s Name Sharon Tilburn Location …………………………….

Date ………………………………………… Time …………………………………

Assessor’s Name …………………………

Evidence Gathering Method:-

Direct Observation Reflective Account Witness Testimony Written/oral Questioning Expert Witness Work Products

Simulations Project/Assignment Professional Discussion

Unit…………………Learner outcome………………….| Outcome/Assessment criteria| Cross Ref| Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social CareOutcome 1Know how to recognise the signs of abuseAbuse can often show as physical effects and symptoms, these are likely to be accompanied by emotional signs and changes in behaviour, but this is not always the case. Any behaviour changes could indicate that the person is a victim of some type of abuse, but these are only indicators, and need to be linked to other factors to ascertain a complete picture.Physical Abuse This is any form of harm caused to the body, for example bruises, finger marks, fractures, slapping, punching, kicking, force feeding, dislocations, scratches, cuts, black eyes, scalds, cigarette burns, history of unexplained injuries, accidental overdose, poisoning, deterioration in health, weight loss, soiled clothing/bedding, inappropriate clothing, mood changes, not wanting to be alone with certain individuals. Sexual AbuseA sexual act is carried out without the consent or understanding of the individual. Signs and symptoms can include bruises, scratches, bite marks, changes in sexual behaviour, sexual abuse to others, self injury, destructive behaviour, alcohol/drug abuse, suicide attempts, withdrawn, aggression, tearful, anxiety, infections, pregnancy, abdominal pain, frequent masturbation, changes in behaviour, weight gain/loss, changes in appearance.Sexual abuse, whether of adults or children, can also involve abuse of a position of power. Children can never be considered to give informed consent to any sexual activity of any description. For some adults, informed consent is not possible because of a limited capacity to understand its meaning. Sexual activity is abusive when informed consent is not freely given.Emotional / psychological abuseAll forms of abuse also have an element of psychological abuse, any situation which means that a person becomes a victim of abuse, at the hands of someone they trusted is, inevitably going to cause emotional distress, however some abuse is purely psychological, as there are no physical, sexual or financial elements involved.Psychological abuse can include:Individuals being bullied, controlled, intimidated or taken advantage of. Individuals needs being ignored, reports of shouting, screaming, swearing, scared of raised voices, distressed, being teased, being humiliated, disrespected, not being given choice, opinion, dignity, privacy, being undermined, deprivation of contact with others, lack of mental stimulation.Financial AbuseMany adults are vulnerable to financial abuse, particularly those who have a limited understanding of money matters, financial abuse, like other forms of abuse, can be inflicted by family members, friends or even care workers, and can take a wide range of forms such as:Controlling or spending an individual’s money, not being made aware of own finances, family controlling individuals money and not making it available for the individual to use, control of their finances being taken away even if able to deal with them, sudden changes in the individuals will, personal belongs going missing, unusual spending patterns, others moving into the individuals property. Institutional AbuseRepeated instances of poor or inappropriate care or support may be an indication of more serious problems and this is referred to as 'institutional abuse'.Institutional abuse occurs when the systems, processes and / or management...
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