Nutritional Requirements for Specific Horses

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Foundation Degree in Equine Studies

Nutritional requirements of Specific Horses

Contents

Page 2 Contents

Page 3Contents

Page 4Contents

Page 5Task 1 Introduction

Page 7Case Study

Page 8 Conclusion

Page 10Appropriate rations for a
Laminitic Pony

Page 11Nutritional Management for a
Laminitic Pony

Page 12Picture 1

Contents

Page 13Table 1

Page 14Table 2

Page 15Picture 2, Table 3

Page 16Picture 3 and 4

Page 17Picture 5

Page 18Conclusion

Page 19Appropriate Rations for a
Stallion Introduction

Page 20Nutritional Management for aStallion

Page 22Conclusion

Contents

Page 23Appropriate Rations for a
Lactating Mare Introduction

Page 23Nutritional Management for a
Lactating Mare

Page 25Conclusion

Page 26Bibliography

Page 27Bibliography

Task One
Introduction

Nutrition is an important aspect of health in horses and ponies. A diet that has been formulated incorrectly can contribute to a number of health issues such as, colic, obesity, orthopaedic conditions and even laminitis (Hoffman C J, 2009). However, proper nutritional management often plays an important role in managing these problems.

To formulate a diet correctly is difficult task in itself. It must be developed accurately and from the right components, these being forage (grass, hay, haylage) and one or more concentrates (pre-bagged mix, nuts or alternative feed stuff – cereals, soya bean meal, peas as an example). Also the breed, life stage and work load of the horse and pony must be taken into consideration (Hoffman C J, 2009).

The combination of the right diet and correct work load should keep your horse and pony in good condition. Before you begin to introduce a good, balanced diet to your horse, he should be checked over using body condition scoring to ensure that he is already in good condition or if he needs to gain or lose weight. Case Study

Filly is a 14 year old Thoroughbred mare. Her racing career started when she was 2 years old and finished when she was 4 years of age. She did not receive any physical injuries during her racing career but did come out of racing with some psychological problems. Her present owner has had her since she was 6 years old and she is used for hunting during the autumn and winter months, and hacks and fun rides during spring and summer months.

For the first 18 months – 2 years the psychological problems were quite prominent in her behaviour, so her owner looked into her diet and decided to make contact with a nutritionist from Allen and Page. It was discovered that her diet was not suitable for her and was definitely having an impact on her behaviour and had to be changed completely. It took nearly 4 years to get her diet correct and over the last 2 years her behaviour and temperament has changed considerably. She still has some vices such as weaving, but this is now due to getting attention and not stress and anxiety, when she is first put into her stable in the evening. At the start of the study her bodyweight was approximately 515 kg. This was obtained by using a weigh tape. Her body condition score was 3 – 3.5. She appeared very alert and bright eyed. She had been clipped and her skin and remaining coat appeared to be healthy and shiny. Her work load at this time was a 45 minute session of flat work in the sand school twice a week, 1 hour of road and hill work twice a week and 2-3 hours of hacking twice a week and she had 1 day of rest during the week.

Her daily routine consisted of:-

Breakfast at 7am
Groom and tack up for morning exercise
Exercise at 9am
Brought in from paddock at 4pm
Turnout rug off, quick...
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