Nutrition is the process by which organisms take in and utilize food material. Without nutrition, life would be unable to be supported, ranging from the smallest cells to the largest organisms. Nutrition from humans comes in the form of food, and good nutrition comes from a healthy and balanced diet. A poor diet, such as consuming too much sugars and carbohydrates can lead to such diseases as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, among others. Many of these common health problems can be resolved or prevented by a healthy diet, as recommended by dietitians and health professionals.
The food guide pyramid is a triangle shaped guide that indicates how much we should intake in terms of food groups on a daily basis. To have a healthy and well-balanced nutrition, we must eat according to the food guide pyramid. At the bottom of the pyramid is the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group, which we should have 6-11 servings of. The next level up is both the vegetable group, which we should have 3-5 servings of, and the fruit group, which we should consume 2-4 servings of. The next level up indicates the milk, yogurt, and cheese group, which recommends 2-3 servings, and the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group, which recommends 2-3 servings. The top of the pyramid is the least healthy group, with fats, oils, and sweets. These should be eaten as sparingly as possible as consuming too much of this group will lead to unhealthy eating habits and an unbalanced diet.
Proteins are part of every cell, tissue, and organ in our bodies. These body proteins are constantly being broken down and replaced. That is why we need to consume proteins in order to replace these broken down proteins. Proteins are molecules that consist of and are amino acids. There are twenty different amino acids that join together to make all types of protein. They can be found in meats, poultry, fish, tofu, eggs, nuts, milk products etc. People in the United States get more than...
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