“Alashanek Ya Balady” Non-Governmental Organization in Egypt
Presented By:Yomna Hani2009/0380
Supervised By:Dr. Mona El-Sholkamy
The Research is divided as follow:
1. Yomna’s Part: What is the NGO, how does it work, the problems it faces, and its benefits. Pages 2-4 2. Salma’s Part: Types of NGO’s by Orientation. Page 5 3. Menna’s Part: Types of NGO’s by level of operation. Page 6 4. Reem’s Part: Organization Background: Description of the NGO, vision, mission, main beneficiaries, recipients and fund management techniques. Pages 7-9
Non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) are generally nonprofit institutions which are independent from the government even though they might receive funds from the governments; the NGO’s were announced firstly by the United Nations in 1945. Egypt’s first NGO was the Greek Association of Alexandria, which was established in Alexandria in 1821.The Egyptian Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs has confirmed that the NGO’s are now 16,660 with about 3 million employees. The NGO’s has too many fields worldwide which differ from a country to another depending on the needs of each, these fields are mainly to help deliver the help which they received from donors to the poor. These fields are particularly the public’s concerns as education, health care, agriculture, and income generation. Other fields care more about the women rights, natural resources. When it comes to health, people don’t deserve to die every day because the proper healthcare doesn’t reach them, and because of lack of awareness in the developing countries so some NGO’s provide the appropriate health services for people, improves the primary health care centers, giving attention for elder people, and increase the health awareness like the negative effect of smoking and others among villages which has high level of illiteracy. In Egypt, Women Health Improvement Association in Qena is one of the NGO’s which has too many fields and one of them is the health care. Another activity that the NGO’s carry out is Education, the level of illiteracy is increasing day after another which leads to people stealing, killing, and doing drugs for not having a job and it all adds up to not being educated. The education NGO’s like etijah and other more aim to develop sustainable education for youth, train teachers to adopt with new educational methods which are mainly advanced, implement educational programs for people with special needs. The Sanitation is another public issue that the NGO’s try to fix which is mainly found in small villages around Egypt. The Better Life Association For Comprehensive Development (BLACD) is an Egyptian NGO which won a World Habitat Award by the United Nations for their projects on improving the access to clean water and sanitation, the project was to provide every house in Mina Governorate (one of the poorest villages in Egypt) connections to water and latrines, and they did so for 5,900 families. People in these country had to go daily trips which distant from their houses to get clean water and to use a clean toilet. And the list of the projects carried out by the non-governmental organizations is infinite, and so are the issues that Egypt and other countries face every day and the NGO’s plan to fix and provide something better for each situation.
Raghada El Ebrashy mentioned in her article, “Empowering NGOs in Egypt: the need for a new legal framework” she’s the founder and Chairperson of Alashanek ya Balady Association for Sustainable Development (AYB-SD) in Egypt. The heart of the article was about the problems that the non-governmental organizations face in Egypt since there are more than 30,000 NGO’s most of them aren’t active and are unknown and others face legal and funding challenges, but with this huge number of NGO’s Egypt shouldn’t face either poverty or illiteracy....