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  • Topic: Leadership, Fiedler contingency model, Management
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Chapter 12 Basic Approaches to Leadership

MULTIPLE CHOICE

What Is Leadership?

1.John Kotter’s view argues that management focuses on coping with complexity, whereas leadership focuses on coping with _____.
a.conflict
b.success
c.defeat
d.morale
e.change
(e; Moderate; Management and Leadership; p. 385)

2.Which of the following roles focuses on bringing about order and consistency by drawing up formal plans? a. leadership
b. management
c. task structure
d. initiating structure
e. none of the above
(b; Easy; Management; p. 385)

3.Leadership is best defined as _____.
a.the ability to influence a group in goal achievement b.keeping order and consistency in the midst of change c.implementing the vision and strategy provided by management d.coordinating and staffing the organization and handling day-to-day problems e.not a relevant variable in modern organizations

(a; Moderate; Leadership; p. 385)

4.Which of the following statements regarding leadership is true? a. All leaders are managers.
b. Formal rights enable managers to lead effectively.
c. All managers are leaders.
d. All leaders are hierarchically superior to followers. e. Nonsanctioned leadership is as important as or more important than formal influence. (e; Challenging; Leadership; p. 386) {AACSB: Analytic Skills}

Trait Theories

5.Which theory differentiates leaders from nonleaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics? a.Fiedler’s perspective
b.characteristic theory
c.LPC
d.contingency theory
e.trait theory
(e; Easy; Trait Theories; p. 386)

6.According to a comprehensive review of the leadership literature, what is the most important trait of effective leaders? a.conscientiousness
b.openness
c.extraversion
d.agreeableness
e.emotional stability
(c; Easy; Big Five and Trait Theories; p. 386)

7.Recent studies indicate that ________ may indicate effective leadership. a.an endless supply of terrific ideas
b.a compelling vision
c.a highly analytical mind
d.outstanding training
e.emotional intelligence
(e; Easy; Emotional Intelligence and Trait Theories; p. 387)

8.Emotional intelligence is so critical to effective leadership because one of its core components is ________. a.conscientiousness
b.empathy
c.openness
d.extraversion
e.agreeableness
(b; Easy; Trait Theories; p. 387)

9. There is fairly strong evidence that traits can predict _____ more accurately than leadership effectiveness. a.leadership emergence
b.extraversion in leaders
c.leadership awareness
d.leadership competence
e.the conscientiousness of leaders
(a; Moderate; Trait Theories; p. 388)

Behavioral Theories

10.Trait research suggests that we focus on _____, whereas behavioral studies imply that we can effectively _____. a.teaching people certain traits; teach people certain behaviors b.selecting the right person for a job; train leaders c.changing jobs to suit people; change people to suit jobs d.training new employees; dispense with training

e.identifying certain traits in leaders; ignore leaders’ traits (b; Moderate; Trait Theories versus Behavioral Theories; p. 389) {AACSB: Analytic Skills}

11. If trait theories of leadership are valid, then leaders are _____. a.trained
b.born
c.authoritarian
d.educated
e.grown
(b; Moderate; Trait Theories; p. 389)

12. If behavioral leadership theories are correct, then _____. a.leadership behaviors are consistent
b.leaders are born with leadership behaviors
c.leaders’ behavior should be altered
d.leadership can be taught
e.women...
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