The chemical I did my research on is Nitromethane. In this paper I will talk about several of nitromethanes properties and what it is used for. I will talk about its use in industries. The physical properties, chemical properties, know toxic properties and the health effects. The testing methods and analytical methods, also if it was to spill. How to go about cleaning it up. Acceptable engineering controls and last but not least, personal protective equipment. Nitromethane is an organic compound and has a chemical formula of CH3NO2. It is used in the industries of pharmaceuticals, agricultural soil fumigants, and industrial antimicrobials. Nitromethane also is used as a fuel or fuel additive with methanol in racing cars, boats, and model engines.
Nitromethanes physical appearance is colorless viscous liquid, with nasty characteristics odor. The physical properties are the following: Boiling point is 101 degrees Celsius, melting point is -29 degrees Celsius, relative density (water=1): 1.14, vapor pressure , kPa at 20 degrees Celsius :3.7, relative vapor density (air=1): 2.1, flash point: 35 degrees Celsius, c.c. auto ignition temperature: 417 degrees Celsius, and explosive limits volume % in air: 7.3 -63.
Toxic properties for Nitromethane: Very hazardous in case if ingestion, it irritates the eye if contact is made, slightly hazardous in case of inhalation. Health effects included histidinemia, neurologic effects, degeneration of the olfactory epithelia, and hyperplasia of the bone marrow.
How to clean up Nitromethan: According to the EPA, absorb liquids in vermiculite, dry sand, earth, or a similar material and deposit in sealed containers. Don’t use sawdust or other combustible materials. Ventilate and wash area after clean-up is complete. Keep nitromethane out of confined spaces, such as sewers, because of the possibility of an explosion. It may be necessary to contain and dispose of Nitromethane as a hazardous waste.
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