Newborns may be sent to the NICU if:
• they're born prematurely
• difficulties occur during their delivery
• they show signs of a problem in the first few days of life (sepsis/infection, congenital defects, cardiac / respiratory abnormalities, low birth weight)
• BLOOD PRESSURE MONITOR may be a smaller version of the blood pressure cuff used on older children and adults. Or an ARTERIAL CATHETER (tiny tube inserted in an artery) may be used to monitor blood pressure. • CARDIORESPIRATORY MONITOR keeps track of the baby’s heartbeat and breathing • CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine delivers air or oxygen through tubes in the nostrils. It uses low, continuous pressure to keep the lungs inflated. • ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE (ETT) used with a respirator or ventilator to send air directly to the lungs. • FEEDING TUBE (ALSO CALLED A GAVAGE TUBE)
• INCUBATOR used when newborn is relatively stable but still premature or requiring intravenous fluids or other special attention. The incubator keeps the newborn warm with moistened air in a clean environment, and helps to protect the baby from noise, drafts, infection, and excess handling • INTRAVENOUS LINE (IV)
• PERIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL CATHETER (PICC) OR A PERCUTANEOUS CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER (PCVC) may be inserted in a central (large) vein. This catheter is used to give the fluids, nutrition, and medication. • PHOTOTHERAPY LIGHTS, OR "BILI LIGHTS," are used when neonates have jaundice • PULSE OXIMETER measures the level of oxygen in the baby’s blood. It’s attached to the skin with a sensor taped to the baby’s hand or foot. It works by shining a light through the baby’s hand or foot
RADIANT WARMERS used for very...