Net Present Value and Exchange Ratio

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As with any other merger analysis, we need to examine the present value of the incremental cashflows. The cash flow today from the acquisition is the acquisition costs plus the dividends paidtoday, or:Acquisition of Hybrid–$550,000,000Dividends from Hybrid$150,000,000Total–$400,000,000Using the information provided, we can determine the cash flows to Birdie Golf from acquiringHybrid Golf. All earnings not retained are paid as dividends, so the cash flows for the next five yearswill be: Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

Dividends from Hybrid$38,400,000$12,800,000$29,400,000$41,400,000$59,000,000Terminal value of equity600,000,000Total$38,400,000$12,800,000$29,400,000$41,400,000$659,000,000To discount the cash flows from the merger, we must discount each cash flow at the appropriatediscount rate. The terminal value of the company is subject to normal business risk and should bediscounted at the cost of capital, while the dividends are equity cash flows, and as such, should bediscounted at the cost of equity. The present value of each year’s cash flows, along with theappropriate discount rate for each cash flow is: Discount rateYear 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5

Dividends16.9%$32,848,589$9,366,578$18,403,643$22,168,806$27,025,856PV of value12.4%334,441,139Total$32,848,589$9,366,578$18,403,643$22,168,806$361,466,995And the NPV of the acquisition is: NPV = –$400,000,000 + 32,848,589 + 9,366,578 + 18,403,643 + 22,168,806 + 361,466,995 NPV = $44,254,610.07


Since the acquisition is a positive NPV project, the most Birdie would offer is to increase the currentcash offer by the current NPV, or:Highest offer = $550,000,000 + 44,254,610.07Highest offer = $594,254,610.07The highest share price is the total high offer price, divided by the shares outstanding, or:Highest share price = $594,254,610.07 / 8,000,000 sharesHighest share price = $74.28 3.

To determine the current exchange ratio which would make a cash offer and a...
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