Hypertension is a common disorder characterized by a sustained elevation of systolic arterial pressure of 120 mm Hg or higher, or a diastolic arterial pressure of 80 mm Hg or greater or higher, or both. Hypertension is divided into two categories: essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. Research has shown that hypernatremia increases the volume of blood, which raises blood pressure. Primary hypertension may also develop from alterations in other bosy chemicles. For some clients who respond at a higher degree, hypertension may be related to a higher release of catecholamines, such as epinephrine and norepinephrine, which elevates blood pressure. The other causes for Hypertension may include genetic factors, adrenal tumors, Birth Control pills, cardiovascular disease, and Cushing disease, Hyperthyroidism etc. Regardless of whether a person has primary or secondary hypertention, the same types of organ damage and complication occur. Hypertension causes the heart to pump against greater resistance, increasing its workload. The size of the heart muscle increases from the outer layer of the epicedium to the inner layer of the endocardium. High blood pressure can also cause serious complications to your eyes, brain and kidneys. Blood vessels may rupture under the strain of high pressure. Tiny arteries in the retina may hemorrhage, possibly resulting in blindness. A blood vessel may hemorrhage in the brain causing cerebrovascular problems. Anal failure also results from decreased from decreased circulation to the kidneys. Sometimes people may not have any symptoms since the onset of hypertention,often called “the silent killer “Most cases ,Hypertension is not diagnosed until...
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