Neo-Malthusian theory can be used as an effective policy for population control in the Caribbean. Evaluate this assumption.
Population control has been a major concern for countries worldwide. From the late 18th century to the present, many theorists have tried to come up with successful ways to curb the problem of a growing population. According to statistics, the world’s population is said to reach a figure of 8.3 billion by the year 2030. This steady increase in population not only affects us socially, but also economically as well as environmentally. This essay seeks to highlight the extent to which the Neo-Malthusian theory can be used as an effective policy for population control in the Caribbean. The theory definitely has its pros and cons and by the end of this essay, one can determine whether it would be effective or not. The Neo-Mlthusian theory was derived from the Malthusian theory. In 1798, Thomas Malthus published “An Essay on the Principles of Population”, highlighting the fact that the world’s population increases at a geometrical rate while the world’s food supply tended to increase at an arithmetic rate. This means that the population of the world increased more rapidly than the food supply needed to sustain it (Mustapha, 2009). Malthus was amazed at the unlimited urge for sex to produce children and the limit of the earth to produce food. According to this theorist, the growing population would eventually outstrip the food supply and this would result in people migrating, starving or in extreme cases, even dying. There were to major measures which Malthus suggested in order to prevent this uneven relationship between food and population from happening. These are the preventative and positive measures. Preventative measures refer to measures put in place to decrease the birth rate, which include abstinence and chastity. Positive measures are those which increase the death rate, which include wars, diseases, famine and plagues. He was also an...
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