Authority is defined as the ‘power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience’. There are many different organisations that enforce discipline within the public services, which have the right to extend different levels of authority and enforce different levels of obedience within a service. These are;
Independent Police Complaint Commission (IPCC); this was created in 2004 to replace the Police Complaint Authority. It is completely independent, and is free of government influence. It is primary purpose is to increase the confidence that the public have within the police complaint system throughout England and Wales. They investigate serious complaints about the misconduct of the police, and also those that were unsatisfied with how their complaint was handled. They work with the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA), Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC), and the UK Border Agency (UKBA). Their authority extends over all of the 43 police services in England and Wales. They work closely with the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 and the Police Act 1997, which were put in place as a framework of how the police are to act within combat, but also providing codes of practise on how their execute their powers towards the members of public. It also deals with their powers of searching, gaining entry to an individual’s premises and retaining property. They use the nature of authority through influence. They influence their officers into altering their ways and conforming them into the respectable Police Officers that the Public can trust, and making them carry out the tasks and orders given from those with authority and status. The Police Acts help stop the nature of authority of corruption being used. The act was put in place to make sure that the Polices Officers do not misuse their authority and abuse the rights of their power. The people that use corruption as their source of authority are often those that lack moral fibre and are willing to act dishonestly. There is a very close line to being influential and corrupted. For example Hitler; He was very influential to His people, but his thought as actions were corrupt. Within the Police Service they use the Participate authority; this is the type of authority where the leader allows members of the team to take part within the decisions making process. Although they still make the final decision. This style sometimes may appear weak but involves a lot of respect given by the team towards the leader. The police use this when they take on the views and opinion of the public when it comes to changing legislations and polices concerning them.
HM Inspectors of Prisons; is also completely independent, and is free of government influence. Its primary purpose is to reports on conditions for and treatment of those in prisons, young offender institutions and immigration detention facilities. They provide scrutiny of the conditions and treatments of the prisoners and other detainees, making sure that they are supported and are helped to reduce the reoffending of the prisoners. They are also responsible for inspecting all immigration removal centres and holding facilities. Their authority extends over all Northern Ireland, the Channel Island, Isle of Man and some of the Commonwealth. They have authority under the Minister of Justice to report to the government about the results found. They use the nature of authority through moral dilemmas. Within the Prison it is important that the staff are about to motivate the prisoners into taking responsible for their actions and the decisions that they have taken. The HM Inspector of Prisoner may be faced with a moral dilemma where they are placed with two equally decisions that they know will not necessary benefit anyone but needs to be done. Within the HM Inspector of Prisons it is important that they put aside their views that they feel uneasy...