NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION AND ITS ROLE.
This paper divided into 8 parts. There are :
2. Role of Human Rights towards universal sovereignty
3. Establishment of Human Rights Commission,
4. National Human Rights Commission of India,
5. Constitution of the Human Rights Commission,
6. Functions of the Human Rights Commission
7. Powers of the Commission
The National Human Rights Commission was established on 12th October, 1993 under the legislative mandate of the protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. Definition of Human Rights :
“Human Rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the International covenants and enforceable by courts in India. “Commission” means the National Human Rights Commission constituted under section 3. 1)
Introduction : All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights Human rights, as commonly understood, are the rights that every human being is entitled to enjoy freely irrespective of his religion, race, caste, sex and nationality, etc. (Jagdish chand, 2007)
In Declaration of Independence acknowledged the fundamental human rights. Human right means different thing to different people. Human Rights are not static. New rights are recognized and enforced from time to time. Only persons fully conversant with the latest development about the expanding horizons of Human Rights can promote their awareness better than others.
Human rights are mainly social, economic and political rights. Such rights include right to life, liberty, personal security, freedom of speech, expression, opinion, though conscience, religion, freedom of privacy, press, freedom of equality, a four trial, right to question the government, right to criticize the government, right to vote, guarantees against inhuman punishment. Among all the rights, the most important is right to vote. All the social, economic, political, civil, community and collective rights are divided in different generation rights. 2.
Role of Human Rights towards universal sovereignty :
Human Rights is right that is entitled to each and every person indiscrimination on the bases of caste, color, creed, sex, religion etc. It ensures national unity and socio – economic political development. It is essential for pursuing human rights and each every person should get evolved in it. Human rights must be promoted and enforced if everyone get benefit from it. People should know about their rights, how to exercise and what is the importance of these rights. The pursuit of human rights by each and every individual bring universal sovereignty.
The role and importance of human rights are defined by many other scholars. D.D. Basu defined Human rights are those minimum rights which every individual must have against state or other public authority by virtue of his being a member of human family, irrespective of any consideration. Human Rights is mainly concept of freedom, liberty, non – discrimination, peace and unity. It is basically protection of human personality and fundamental right, who is ultimate purpose of all law, national and international. (Manjot Kaur, 2008) 3. Establishment of Human Rights Commission :
The Establishment of a Commission on Human Right was recommended in 1945 by the preparatory Commission of the United Nations in order to deal with those human rights issues which could not be resolved during the original drafting to the U.N. Charter. A principal organ of the United Nationals “The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)’ was most directly concerned with the question of human rights. Under Article 68 of the U.N. Charter the council was empowered to set up commissions for the promotion of human rights. Accordingly, it appointed a commission on Human Rights which was approved by the General Assembly on February 12, 1946. It was composed of 18...
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