National Honor Society

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Chapter 33: The Cold War and Decolonization, 1945-1975

1. Introduction
a. The end of the 2nd world war exposed a world of mutual antagonism rather than one of mutual cooperation b. The business of nation building
c. Cold War technology and environmental impact
2. The Cold War
a. The United Nations
i. The formation of the United Nations and its basic structure ii. Beliefs and efficacy of the United Nations
iii. Early resolutions carried great weight, but later the Western powers came to disregard many of the issues raised by the General Assembly b. Capitalism and Communism
i. New monetary systems were developed in the West and the Soviet Union ii. Recovery from the second World War in the East iii. Europeans launched a program of cooperation iv. The Soviet approach

c. West versus East in Europe and Korea
i. The spread of communism and Western reaction ii. NATO and Soviet competition over Europe
iii. NATO and Soviet competition over Korea
d. U.S. defeat in Vietnam
i. Eisenhower said no to war in Vietnam, but Kennedy said yes ii. Johnson continued the war
iii. U.S. got out in 1973 and U.S. attitudes toward the war e. The race for nuclear supremacy
i. Atomic weapons ushered in a new era of warfare and diplomacy ii. The Cuban Missile Crisis
iii. More efficient bombs and delivery systems
iv. Arms limitations
v. Things calmed down in Europe
vi. The space race
vii. Restraint
3. Decolonization and Nation Building
a. New nations in South and Southeast Asia
i. India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
ii. The Japanese role in South Asia and Southeast Asia iii. Sukarno
iv....
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