Narmada Bachao Aandolan- A Case Study
Social mobilisation, for various reasons, has been popular in india from the period of 1970s. The broader aim of these movements was development of society. Some of the well-known movements that took place in india are : Chipko movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Koel Karo, Chattisgarh Mukti Morcha, Jhola Andolan, the movement supporting Anna Hazare, etc. These movements distanced themselves from politics or political parties. In this blog, i will take up the detailed case study of the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA). Narmada Bachao Andolan(NBA) is a social movement consisting of farmers, adivasis, environmentalists, activists protesting against the implementation of the Sardar Sarovar Project(SSP) on the river Narmada. Some of the debatable charcteristics of the SSP were :Provision of irrigation and electricity facilities to the economically prosperous and politically powerful regions of South and Central Gujarat, while displacing politically marginal Adivasi subsistence peasants in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. For facts, adivasis constitute only 8% of the total national population, but they represent 40% of the people who were displaced by construction of dams in india since 1947. In India large infrastructure projects have been seen as an important component of the development strategy since independence. This includes construction of heavy industries, mega-dams and large-scale creation of infrastructure. Large infrastructure projects in the form of dams over the rivers have always been considered to provide power and irrigation benefits to the areas, which suffer from the problem of underdevelopment.
With the similar objective of speeding up the process of development, idea of tapping the waters of river Narmada, which is the largest river of peninsula India, flowing through three states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, was conceived and consequently of the Narmada Valley Project to execute the same. Narmada...
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