PPP Infrastructure in India
Sources & Trends|
Swati SharmaBirla Institute of Technology12-July-2011|
I have taken efforts in this project. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them.
I am highly indebted to Mr. P.K Sinha and Ms. Shivani Mishra for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in completing the project.
I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents & member of IIFCL for their kind co-operation and encouragement which help me in completion of this project.
I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to industry persons for giving me such attention and time.
Table of Contents
1.1 About IIFCL
1.2 IIFCL: Catalyzing Development of Infrastructure
1.3 Salient features of SIFTI
1.4 Schemes of IIFCL
Asset Liability Mismatch
2.1 Definition of Infrastructure
Importance of Infrastructure
3.1 Role of Infrastructure in Development
Current Status of various Projects
4.1 Overview of Various Sectors
PPP as defined by GoI
5.1 Public Private Partnership- an Introduction
5.2 Roles and Responsibility
5.3 Salient Features of PPP
5.4 Key Considerations in PPP
A Bit of Background of PPP
PPP Models being Practiced in India
6.1 Types of PPP Models and their definitions
Build Own Operate (BOO)
Build Operate Transfer (BOT)
Buy Build Operate (BBO)
Design Build-Operate (DBO)
Contract Add and Operate (CAO)
Develop Operate and Transfer (DOT)
Rehabilitate Operate and Transfer (ROT)
Fundamental Qualities of a PPP Project
7.1 Reasons for Growing Popularity of PPP Concept
7.2 PPP Strengths and Effectiveness7.3 Relevance of PPP in India Financing PPP Infrastructure
8.1 Sources of Finance for PPP Projects
Grants, Positive and Negative
Financing Sr. Debt
Financing Sub Debt
Where it stands?
9.1 Trends and Issues related to raising finance
9.2 Changes Required to Reduce Constraints
List of Graphs and Charts
1.1 About IIFCL
The importance of infrastructure for sustained economic development and improving the living standards of the population is well recognized. Yet, millions of people, across the world lack access to roads, transport, electricity, safe drinking water, and proper sanitation and communication facilities. Inadequate and inefficient infrastructure not only adds to transaction costs but also prevents the economies from realizing their full growth potential. With Indian economy moving on to a high growth trajectory facilitated by a consistent and steady growth of 8 - 9% in the recent years, there is a critical need to accelerate investments in the infrastructure sector. In fact, infrastructure has emerged as a key driver for sustaining the robust growth of the economy and the government has been focusing on development of infrastructure. Although there has been progress in attracting private investments into infrastructure, Gross Capital Formation (GCF) in infrastructure has hovered around 5 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) has envisaged raising the level of GCF in infrastructure to 9 percent of GDP by 2012, thereby matching the levels obtaining in some of the Asian economies. The Finance Minister of India, while presenting the Union Budget for 2005-2006 acknowledged the need and significance of building adequate infrastructure in the country when he made the following announcement: “The...