The Muslim Religion|
Marlia J. Kegler|
Hum 130 Religions of the World|
Professor John L. Meeks|
Religion has become one of the biggest diverse topics in today’s society. Throughout the last weeks we have taken the journey to learn about different religions and in this paper I will attempt to take you on that journey with me learning about the Muslim religion. The Muslim religion dates all the way back to 570 BC when the prophet Muhammad was said to be born. Muhammad is considered by Muslims to be the last continuing chain of prophets who has come to restore what they consider real religion. (Fisher, 2005, Para. 1). The Muslims scared book is called the Qur’an, which according to the Muslims revealed a series of revelations to Muhammad to include that Abraham and Ishmael together built the holiest sanctuary in Islam; the Muslim refer to this place as Ka’bah. (Fisher, 2005) Please do not be mistaken Allah (GOD) is the focus in Islam, the sole authority, not Muhammad. However his life is important to the Muslims because his character is considered a model of the teachings in the Qur’an. According to the Islamic tradition reciting the Qur’an is thought to have both a healing and soothing effect but can also bring protection, guidance, and knowledge. The Qur’an are to Muslims as the bible is to Christians, However they are not the same. Muslims have five basic beliefs. The first is there is only one GOD, the second is the belief in angels who act upon the heart of each person, inspiring him/her to do good; the third is the belief that prophets and messengers of GOD are sent to all nations of the world and taught virtue by their own high moral example, the fourth is to believe in the book of GOD which they believe were revealed to all nation through their prospective prophets, containing guidance conducting how one should live and conduct him or herself; the last and fifth belief is life after death, which is believed to be when each man faces judgment for the deeds both good and bad done throughout their life. (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at Islam Lahore Inc. U.S.A., 2008). Each of these five beliefs relates to Muslims being able to concentrate and stay to true to the most important point that Islam teaches which that belief does not just mean believing something in one's heart, but also acting on the belief. Mere faith counts for nothing if not carried into practice. The purpose of belief is to show us what to do in practice. No 'belief' by itself can bring salvation. (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha'at Islam Lahore Inc. U.S.A., 2008). Muslim believe that Allah is all knowing and created everything and that humans will only find peace by knowing and living by these laws. They believe in order to submit to Allah there are certain things that must be done; these things include prayer (salaat), fasting (saum), and a pilgrimage to Makka (hajj). By doing these thing Muslims believe that this will bring you closer to Allah. Muslim holidays are also something of substance for them especially since they do not go by our western calendar but yet an Islamic calendar which is based on the revelation of the moon, is only 354 days long eleven day shorter than our calendar, and contains several different holidays three which are major for Muslims. Those holidays considered major are Ed-Al-Adha which celebrates the sacrifice that Abraham was willing to make of his son Ishmael to show his commitment to Allah. Another holiday is Ramadan; this holiday is more of a holy month dominated by daily fasting and devotion to faith and reflection. The last one is Eid-Al-Fitr which comes at the end of the holy month and celebrates the end of fasting. Although these are major there are many in between that are just as important to the Islamic faith. In order to help learn more about the Islamic faith I visited a Mosque, which is where Muslim goes to worship. I was also able to sit down and talk to a follower of the Islamic faith and...