Mumbai Attack Case Study

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FINAL FORM / REPORT
(Under Section 173 Cr.P.C.) IN THE COURT OF ADDL. CH. M.M., 37TH COURT, ESPLANADE, MUMBAI. The Chief Investigating Officer of the sensational and diabolic attacks by the terrorists at different iconic locations in Mumbai on 26th November 2008, hereby submits a report under Section 173 of Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 as under. A heinous criminal conspiracy has been planned and hatched in Pakistan by the internationally banned Lashkar-e-Taiba to execute a series of attacks at prominent places in Mumbai, the financial capital of the country on 26th November 2008. This was with the express intention to destabilize India, wage war against this country, terrorize its citizens, create financial loss and issue a warning to other countries whose citizens were also targetted , humiliated and cold-bloodedly killed. This Fidayeen Mission was part of a larger criminal conspiracy planned in Pakistan for attacking the commercial capital of India with intent to wage war, to weaken India economically and to create terror and dread amongst the citizens of the Mumbai metropolis in particular and India in general and, thereby, through the said unlawful activities its perpetrators committed terrorist acts. Lashkar-e-Taiba (Lashkar-e Tayyiba; literally means Army of the Good, translated as Army of the Righteous, or Army of the Pure) — also pronounced and spelt as Lashkar-i-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, Lashkari-Taiba, or LeT — is one of the largest, most active and lethal militant organizations in South Asia. Lashkar-e-Taiba – “The Army of the Pure” is a militant offshoot of Markazud-Dawa-wal- Irshad (MDI), an Islamic fundamentalist organization. Markaz-udDawatul-wal- Irshad has since been renamed as Jamaat-ud-Dawa. It was founded by Hafiz Muhammad Saeed and Zafar Iqbal in the Kunar province of Afghanistan in 1989. It has its headquarter at Muridke near Lahore, Pakistan. It operates numerous training camps in Pakistan occupied Kashmir as well as in other parts of Pakistan. Lashkar has forged cooperative and operational ties with religious militant groups throughout the Middle East, South East Asia and also in other parts of the world. The Militant group's defining objective is to Islamicise South Asia with its main aim being freedom for Muslims in India-administered Kashmir. The Lashkar-e-Taiba is banned as a terrorist organization by India, Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Russia, Australia besides a host of other countries. Hafiz Saeed has been listed as the leader of the 1

Lashkar-e-Taiba. The United Nations Security Council has also listed Zaki-urRehman Lakhvi, Haji Mohammad Ashraf, and Mahmoud Mohammad Ahmed Bahaziq as senior members of the Lashkar-e-Taiba. Zaki-Ur-Rehman Lakhvi is listed as the terror group’s chief of Anti-India operations. Haji Mohammed Ashraf is the group’s chief of finance whereas Mahmoud Mohammed Bahaziq, a Saudi national who served as the leader of Lashkar-e-Taiba in Saudi Arabia, is a senior financier. Jamaat – Ud – Dawa has been recently declared as a terrorist front group by the United Nations (UN) as per its Resolution 1267. UN believes that this organization also supports Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. I. Attack on Mumbai: A larger design : The military precision with which all these attacks were conducted, the commando like action, the complexity of the operation, the detailed and meticulous planning, the familiarity and dexterity in the handling of sophisticated weaponry and electronic equipment all undoubtedly and conclusively point to training by professionals in Pakistan. The mindless killing and wanton destruction of property executed with heartless inhumanity resulted in the tragic death of 166 civilians and huge economic loss. These hardened terrorists who are willing recruits as “Fidayeens" and the ruthless LeT operators, pursued their single-minded objective of the blood-thirsty slaughter of innocent, unarmed victims without any...
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