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Suleiman the Magnificent
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
   
Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman the Lawgiver
سلطان سليمان اول|
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Islamic Caliph
Amir al-Mu'minin|
|
Suleyman I attributed to school of Titian c.1530|
|
Period| Growth of the Ottoman Empire|
Coronation| 30 September 1520|
Full Name| Suleiman I|
Born| 6 November 1494|
Birthplace| Trabzon|
Died| 5/6 September 1566 (aged 71)|
Place of death| Szigetvár, Hungary|
Buried| Süleymaniye Mosque,Constantinople[1][2] (present day Istanbul)| Predecessor| Selim I|
Successor| Selim II|
Consort| Hürrem Sultan|
Wives|
Haseki Hürrem Sultan
Mahidevran Sultan|
Offspring| Shahzade Mahmud (1511–1521)
Shahzade Mustafa (1515–1553)
Shahzade Mehmed (1523–1543)
Mihrimah Sultana (1524–1578)
Selim II (1525–1574)
Shahzade Bayezid (1527–1561)Shahzade Cihangir (1535–1553)| Royal House| House of Osman|
Dynasty| Ottoman Dynasty|
Father| Selim I|
Valide Sultan| Ayşe Hafsa Sultan|

| This article contains Ottoman Turkish text, written from right to left with some letters joined. Without properrendering support, you may see unjoined letters written left-to-right, instead of right-to-left or other symbols instead of Ottoman script.| Suleiman I ( /ˌsʊlɪˈmɑːn/; Ottoman Turkish: سلطان سليمان اول, Sultān Suleimān-i evvel or قانونى سلطان سليمان‎, Kānūnī Sultān Suleimān, Modern Turkish: I. Süleyman (Turkish pronunciation: [sylejˈmɑn]) or Kanuni Sultan Süleyman; 6 November 1494 – 5/6/7 September 1566) was the tenth and longest-reigning Emperor, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent[3]and in the East, as "The Lawgiver" (Turkish: Kanuni; Arabic: القانونى‎, al‐Qānūnī), for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman legal system. Suleiman became a prominent monarch of 16th century Europe, presiding over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's military, political and economic power. Suleiman personally led Ottoman armies to conquer the Christian strongholds of Belgrade, Rhodes, and most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529. He annexed most of the Middle East in his conflict with the Safavids and large swathes of North Africaas far west as Algeria. Under his rule, the Ottoman fleet dominated the seas from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.[4] At the helm of an expanding empire, Suleiman personally instituted legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law. His canonical law (or the Kanuns) fixed the form of the empire for centuries after his death. Not only was Suleiman a distinguished poet and goldsmith in his own right; he also became a great patron of culture, overseeing the golden age of the Ottoman Empire's artistic, literary and architecturaldevelopment.[5] He spoke five languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Chagatai (a dialect of Turkic languages and related to Uyghur and Uzbek), Persianand Russian. In a break with Ottoman tradition, Suleiman married a harem girl, Roxelana, who became Hürrem Sultan; her intrigues as queen in the court and power over the Sultan made her quite renowned. Their son, Selim II, succeeded Suleiman following his death in 1566 after 46 years of rule. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Early life * 2 Military campaigns * 2.1 Conquests in Europe * 2.2 Ottoman–Safavid War * 2.3 Campaigns in the Indian Ocean * 2.4 Mediterranean and North Africa * 3 Administrative reforms * 4 Cultural achievements * 5 Personal life * 5.1 Hürrem Sultan * 5.2 Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha * 6 Succession * 7 Legacy * 8 Full Style * 8.1 Literature * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Early life
Suleiman was born...
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