INDEX NUMBER: 10372455
1.Compare the major arguments of the modernization theory with the major arguments of the dependency theory of development. Which of these major paradigms of development is more compelling to you and why?
Development is the increase in total value of goods and services produced. Development is also improvement in human welfare, quality of life, social wellbeing. There are certain theories and perspectives of development that is humanist perspective, dependency theory, economic perspective and modernity theory. We are only going to talk about dependency theory and modernity theory in our arguments. Modernization theory is a grand theory encompassing many different disciplines as it seeks to explain how society progresses, what variables affect that progress, and how societies can react to that progress. Modernization theory focuses specifically on a type of modernization thought to have originated in Europe during the 17th century, which brought social mores and technological achievements into a new epoch. The foundations of modernization theory go back to the Age of Enlightenment, when a number of philosophers began to look at how society changed and progressed. Theories were laid out as to how technological advancement necessarily led to social advancement, which in turn led to an examination of how different facets of advancement were connected. The basic premise of this phase of modernization theory was that humans were able to change their society within a generation, and that this change was often facilitated by advancements in technology, production, and consumption. It was argued by most modernization theorists that development consisted changing from the limited economic relationships of traditional society to the innovative complex economic association of modernity. Modernization theory in the current day often looks at globalization critically, analysing its negative consequences. For example, some...
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