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Title: The effects of violence against women
Concepts:
Violence against women - particularly intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women - are major public health problems and violations of women's human rights. Adolescent- between childhood and adulthood

Female- of the sex that can give birth or produce eggs of women or female animals or plants Violence- being violent conduct or treatment unlawful use of force Violent - involving or using great physical force (violent person) Types of violence against women

Sexual abuse- is considered to be any unwanted physical invasion of an individual’s body that is sexual in nature. This abuse ranges from touching and kissing, through to forced oral sex, forced Sexual penetration or rape and being forced to perform prostitution and bestial acts Sexual assault- in legal terms is defined as the unlawful and intentional application of force to. Another person or making the person believe that such force will immediately be applied, with the intent to commit the sexual act. Rape- according to South African law ‘consists in a man having unlawful, intentional sexual Intercourse with a woman without her consent. Sexual intercourse presupposes penetration of the Female sexual organ by the male’s penis’. (South African Law Commission, 1999, p.69). The United Nations defines violence against women- as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." Intimate partner- “violence refers to behavior by an intimate partner or ex-partner that causes physical, sexual or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, and psychological abuse and controlling behaviors” . Sexual violence –“is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object”. Sexual harassment-

Physical assault -
Emotional and psychological abuse-
Psychosocial –
Domestic violence –
Abuse can take various forms including economic, emotional, physical or sexual. Understanding violence against women
The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines “violence against women (VAW) as: "Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women– including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether in public or in private life". Violence in South Africa

Statistics of crime
Victims of rape tend to be younger women, aged from 16 to25years. Rape among women was more likely to be perpetrated by men known to them. Raped by relatives or men who were intimate with the victims? The proportion who said that they were raped by a stranger was 24,4%, but this percentage tends to increase with the age of the woman. Any act… that results in, or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harmor suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. One in two women (49%) attending a Community Health Centre in the Western Cape report experiencing past or current abuse by their partners or husbands. 84% of these women suffered significant physical or mental health consequences as a result. 64% of women report the use of weapons as part of the abusive assault. (UCT Women's Health Research Unit, Jacobs, 1998) The Department of Justice estimates that one out of every four South African women is a survivor of domestic violence. (Submission to SALC, May1999) one in six women is...
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