Nvq Health and Socail Care Level 3 Assignment204 a

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Abuse

Physical Abuse
What is physical abuse?
Physical abuse is any abuse involving the use of force, this can be: Punching, hitting, slapping, pinching, kicking, in fact any form of physical attack Burning or scalding
Restraint such as tying up or tying people to beds or furniture Refusal to allow access to toilet facilities
Deliberate starvation or force feeding
Leaving the individuals in wet or soiled clothing or bedding as a deliberate act to demonstrate power and strength of the abuser Excessive or inappropriate use of medication
A carer causing illness or injury to someone he or she cares for in order to gain attention

Signs and symptoms associated with Physical abuse
Pepper pot bruising-small bruises, usually on the chest, caused by poking with the finger or pulling of the clothes tightly. Finger-marks-often on arms or shoulders.
Bruising in areas not normally bruised such as inside of thighs and arms. Marks on wrists, upper arms or legs which could be from tying to a bed or furniture. Burns or scalds in unusual areas such as soles of feet, inside thighs. Ulcers, sores or rashes caused by wet bedding or clothing.

Becoming withdrawn or anxious.
Loss of interest in appearance.
Loss of confidence.
Sleeping problems.
Change in eating habits.
No longer laughing or joking.
Feeling depressed or hopeless.

Sexual abuse
What is sexual abuse?
Sexual abuse is the act in which sexual act have taken place without the persons consent.

This can consist of:
Sexual penetration of any part of the body with a penis, finger or any object Touching inappropriate parts of the body or any other form of sexual contact without the informed agreement of the individual Sexual exploitation

Exposure to, or involvement in, pornographic or erotic material Exposure to, or involvement in, sexual rituals
Making sexual related comments or references which provide sexual gratification for the abuser Making threats about sexual activities.

Signs and symptoms associated with Sexual abuse
Marks on wrists, upper arms or legs which could be from tying to a bed or furniture. Becoming withdrawn or anxious.
Loss of interest in appearance.
Loss of confidence.
Sleeping problems.
Change in eating habits.
No longer laughing or joking.
Feeling depressed or hopeless.
Unusual sexual behaviour.
Blood marks on underclothes.
Recurrent genital/urinary infections.

Emotional/psychological abuse
What is Emotional/psychological abuse?
All the other forms of abuse also have an element of emotional abuse. Any situation which means that an individual becomes a victim of abuse at the hands of someone he or she trusted is, unavoidably, going to cause emotional distress. However, some abuse is purely emotional – there are no physical, sexual or financial elements involved. This abuse can take the form of: Humiliation, belittling, putting down

Withdrawing or refusing affection
Bullying
Shouting or swearing
Making insulting or abusive remarks
Racial abuse
Constant teasing and poking fun.

Signs and symptoms associated with Emotional/psychological abuse Becoming withdrawn or anxious.
Loss of interest in appearance.
Loss of confidence.
Sleeping problems.
Change in eating habits.
No longer laughing or joking.
Feeling depressed or hopeless.
Becoming afraid of making decisions.
Flinching or appearing afraid of close contact.

Financial abuse
What is financial abuse?
Many service users are very vulnerable to financial abuse, particularly those who may have a limited understanding of money matters. Financial abuse, like all other forms of abuse, can be inflicted by family members and even friends as well as care workers or informal carers, and can take a range of forms such as: Stealing money or property

Allowing or encouraging others to steal money or property
Tricking or threatening individuals into giving away money or property Persuading individuals to take financial decisions which are not in their interests...
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