1) Define motivation. What are the key elements of motivation?
Motivation is the process that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. The three key elements of motivation are intensity, direction, and pesistence. We are motivated by the things we like or goals we set for ourselves, for these goals to be reach we need to have intensity, directions and persistence. Motivation is a big part of our success.
2) What are the early theories of motivation? How well have they been supported by research?
There were four theories of motivation in the early ages in the 1950’s which were heavily attacked but still the best known explanation for employee motivation. Hierarchy of Needs Theory, Theory X and Theory Y, Two Factor Theory, McClelland’s Theory of Needs. These early theories have had much criticism because of lack of evidence, support, reliability, validity, relation, and assumptions made by the researcher.
3) What is the job characteristics model? How does it motivate employees?
The job characteristics model says that we can describe any job in terms of five core job dimensions. The five job dimensions are: Skill variety, Task Identity, Task Significance, Autonomy, and Feedback. JCM allows employees to know how they are doing in the job they are in; thereby, giving meaning to their job. When employees know their results they experience responsibility of the job they do. This allows employees to feel motivated as they know they are producing good results for the organization and are doing a good job.
4) What are the three major ways that jobs can be redesigned? In your view, in what situations would one of the methods be favored over the others?
Jobs can be redesign by allowing employees to rotate their job duties. This allows employees to learn other aspects of the company and at the same time it helps the organization as the employee becomes more knowledgeable and valuable. Job...
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