Although Franz Kafka lived alone in some degree of self-imposed isolation for
much of his life, Kafka did have many interests. He studied Einstein's theory of relativity
and Freud's as well as Jung's writings on psychoanalysis. Kafka's early writings clearly
reflect his skepticism and the pain he feels from his social and parental isolation. In fact,
most of Kafka's writing is filled with anxiety, largely caused by his tyrannical father and
his uncertainty about his bachelorhood. Kafka's "Metamorphosis" reveals certain
psychoanalytical influence of his time.
We can see how Kafka applies his Freud's influences in "The Metamorphosis". He transforms his main character into an insect because that is probably the lowest form of life. According To Freud, "unconscious conflicts over repressed wishes may express themselves in dreams and "Freudian slips;". Even though in this scenarion Kafka makes a dream into a reality, the concept is still the same. Gregor feels like he is worthless and therefore is a bug at the bottom of the natural order. He appears to have a sense of isolation who is driven to work long hours in meaningless jobs around people who only care about themselves. Through Gregor, Kafka presents a totally tragic view of man's existence.
By Gregor's strive to provide financial security, he sacrifices a social life and dreams. Gregor's life is miserable, and he counts the days until he can quit his job. Ironically, the people that he supports and loves prove they have no depth of emotion for him. Once he cannot financially care for them, they desert him. Through him, Kafka is warning modern society that it is being forced into an existence similar to that of Gregor, like an overarching goal reconciliation of the life of the individual with the world that C.Jung talked about in his works.
In "Metamorphosis" Kafka tries to tell us that only as an insect can Gregor...