Medicinal Plants

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1. ALOE VERA
Description:
Botanical name: Aloe Vera
Family: Liliaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Kumari, Grithakumari, Grihakanya

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES English     : Aloe, Indian aloe
Hindi        : Gheekaumar, Ghikumari
Distribution – Cultivated in the dry areas of India 
PLANT DESCRIPTION
a perennial shrub with fleshy leaves and short stem. Leaves fleshy, sessile, with prickles on margins; flowers in long spikes, fruits capsules, often sterile. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, amenorrhea, wounds, ulcers, burns, colic, hepatitis, skin diseases, constipation, tumor, malignancy, low back pain, edema, arthritis and general debility. Useful part    :    Leaves juice. 

2. CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA (BLUE VARIETY)
Description:
Botanical name : Calotropis gigantea (Blue variety)
Family: Asclepiadeceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Arka, Sooryahvaya, Vasuka, Ksheeraparni, Alarka, Asphoda,
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English    :     Blue Madar
Hindi        :     Akavana, Aka, Mandara

PLANT DESCRIPTION
Perennial shrub, growing up to 2.5 meters with branches and sub branches. Leaves are simple, opposite and sub-sessile, ovate, and cordate at base. Plant contains latex almost in all parts. Flowers beautiful, lilac, in umbellate lateral cymes. Fruits are fleshy follicles, green; seeds attached with abundant white coma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES:

Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, skin diseases, joint inflammations, snake poison, asthma and chest infections and rabies. It is a strong purgative drug. USEFUL PART    :    Root, Latex, Flower and Leaves

3. CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA (WHITE VARIETY)
Description
Botanical name: Calotropis gigantea (White variety)
Family: Asclepiadeceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Svetarka

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English    :     White Madar
Hindi        :     Gauri akavana, Aka, Mandara PLANT DESCRIPTION
Perennial shrub, growing up to 2.5 meters with branches and sub branches. Plant is slow growing compared to the blue variety. Leaves are simple, opposite and sub-sessile, ovate, and cordate at base. Plant contains latex almost in all parts. Flowers beautiful, white in color, in umbellate lateral cymes. Fruits are fleshy follicles, green; seeds attached with abundant white coma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :

Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, skin diseases, joint inflammations, snake poison, asthma and chest infections and rabies. The white variety madar is especially used for all types of poisoning. It is a strong purgative drug. USEFUL PART    :    Root, Latex, Flower and Leaves

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4. Michelia champaca
Description:
Botanical name: Michelia champaca
Family: Magnolianaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Champaka, Atigandha, Sukumara, Kanchana, and Hemapushpa.
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English: Golden Champak, Champak
Hindi: Champa
PLANT DESCRIPTION
Moderate sized tree grows up to 30 meters. Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, and lanceolate, length 15-20 cm. upper surface smooth, lower hairy. Flowers are yellowish with fragrance, solitary and axillary. Fruits are long ovoid or ellipsoid capsules. Seeds are small and red colored. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated tridosha, Detoxify poison, worm infestation, increase digestive power, diuretic and cures fever. Flowers reduce burning sensation, cures skin disease and ulcer. Dictation of the bark acts as remedy for amenorrhea. Useful part: Whole plant.

5. Mentha piperita
Description:
Botanical name: Mentha piperita
Family: Lamiaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS
Pootiha, Pudina, Rochani
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English: Peppermint
Hindi: Pudina
PLANT DESCRIPTION
Aromatic annual herb, grows up to 60 cm. leaves are simple, opposite, and ovate or lanceolate. Flowers lilac colored seen in...
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