Math Anxiety
By Deb Russell, About.com Guide
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•overcoming math anxiety
•myths in math
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What is Math Anxiety?
Math anxiety or fear of math is actually quite common. Math anxiety is quite similar to stagefright. Why does someone suffer stagefright? Fear of something going wrong in front of a crowd? Fear of forgetting the lines? Fear of being judged poorly? Fear of going completely blank? Math anxiety conjures up fear of some type. The fear that one won't be able to do the math or the fear that it's too hard or the fear of failure which often stems from having a lack of confidence. For the most part, math anxiety is the fear about doing the math right, our minds draw a blank and we think we'll fail and of course the more frustrated and anxious our minds become, the greater the chance for drawing blanks. Added pressure of having time limits on math tests and exams also cause the levels of anxiety grow for many students. Where Does Math Anxiety Come From?

Usually math anxiety stems from unpleasant experiences in mathematics. Typically math phobics have had math presented in such a fashion that it led to limited understanding. Unfortunately, math anxiety is often due to poor teaching and poor experiences in math which typically leads to math anxiety. Many of the students I've encountered with math anxiety...

...might work for me to overcome mathanxiety. First, one should always ask questions. (http://www.mathpower.com/reduce.htm). I feel that asking questions will give me a better understanding of the problem I’m trying to solve. Also it will let the instructor know that I’m paying attention and he may show me a different way of solving the problem. Secondly, I will study math according to my learning style. (http://www.mathpower.com/brain.htm). I have found that I learn by visual and processing information in varied order. I will use this technique by watching my instructor as he is teaching the course in the order or process of solving the problem. My third and final strategy is to get help. (http://www.mathpower.com/reduce.htm) I will use the resources that are available to me i.e. Learning Resource Center or a math tutor. By using these resources I will be able to have one on one attention and will succeed at math. I will develop the responsibilities for my own successes and failures. (.(http://www.mathpower.com/reduce.htm)
From the quiz, I learned that I am somewhat a math anxious person. The results explained that the thought of doing math makes me very uneasy http://www.mathpower.com/reduce.htm). There were many surprises because I understand math but I worry that it’s going to get really difficult soon. Also, I’m afraid I won’t be able to keep up with the...

...What is MathAnxiety?
June 5, 2012
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What is mathanxiety? Mathanxiety is an intense frustration, and the fear of failing, freezing up, or forgetting what to do in the area of mathematics. Mathanxiety is a lack of confidence in one’s self to do well in math and the notion of being judged, or made fun of for not doing well. Mathanxiety is an emotional reaction to mathematics based on a past and unpleasant experience which has damaged a student’s self-esteem and thus, harms future opportunities to better their math skills. Because sufferers have such an overwhelming fear of failing or being judged, they will avoid performing mathematical calculations at all costs. Therefore, a problem arises; to do better, we must practice. But, if we’re too afraid of failing to practice, we do not get any better.
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There are many different descriptions of what mathematics anxiety truly is, and each victim may have his or her own interpretation of how mathanxiety makes them feel. Tobias and Weissbrod (1980) describe mathematics anxiety as, “the pains, helplessness, paralysis, and mental disorganization that arises among some people when they are required to solve...

...The Relationship Among Working Memory, MathAnxiety, and Performance
Mark H. Ashcraft and Elizabeth P. Kirk
Cleveland State University
OBJECTIVE:
The general focus of this research is to examine performance in standard cognitive frameworks and online tasks. The researchers hope to examine the influence that mathanxiety exerts on mathematical cognition and to identify the processing components that are so influenced.
HYPOTHESIS:
The higher the mathanxiety, the lower the working memory capacity, the higher the probability to get a low performance.
VARIABLES:
IV – mathanxiety
DV –working memory capacity, performance
The independent variable mathanxiety is manipulated into three levels: high, medium, low. The level of anxiety is determined through the use of sMARS (short mathanxiety rating scale) is a 25-item version of the most widely used measure of this construct, 98 item MARS. The sMARS assesses an individual’s level of apprehension and anxiety about math on a 1-5 Likert scale, asking for participants’ responses about how anxious they would be made by various settings and experiences.
The dependent variables ----- working memory capacity and performance. Salthouse and Bobcock’s listening span (L-span) and computation span (C-span) tasks assessed...

...How to Reduce Math Test Anxiety
(Authors Logic)
http://www.mathgoodies.com/articles/how-to-reduce-math-test-anxiety.html
Author: Ryan Rivera has been a proponent of teaching anti-anxiety strategies to youth and adults, and has additional information about anxiety at calmclinic.com.
It's not unusual for a child to struggle with math during their early school years. As a child's brain develops, they start to learn how to solve logic problems and apply analytical reasoning – a development that is in part nurtured through their ability to solve mathematical problems. Their brains want to find they answer – their brains know that an answer is there – but while they're starting to make those connections, solving math problems can provide considerable stress and anxiety.
This is especially true when taking a math test, because there is the added pressure of knowing that the test itself is gauging whether or not they have been successful at learning. That pressure can cause a lot of anxiety, and it's not uncommon for the child taking the test to feel these effects, including:
Cloudy Mind – Anxiety has a tendency to reduce focus and clarity. This can be troublesome when the child is trying to figure out complex math problems, and that can lead to more anxiety.
Physical Stress –...

...high-achieving students experience mathanxiety at a young age — a problem that can follow them throughout their lives. Academic frameworks, action research, surveys and other studies carried out by academics, have shown that students’ lack of interest and their dropping out of school are key problems. The psychological factors and their effects on academic situations are the growing concern of educational researchers attributed with a notable lack of scientific inquiry on some important factors. A review of the related literature reveals numerous studies addressing the psychological factors in general; while few studies are found to target the special psychological factors in educational situations.
Many learners have already experienced mathematics anxiety in school consequently. Reported consequences of being anxious toward mathematics include the avoidance of mathematics and the decline in mathematics achievement. This kind of ‘anxiety’ was first detected in the late 1950s. (Dreger and Aiken 1957); noticed undergraduate college students reacting emotionally to arithmetic and mathematics. Although the reaction appeared to be similar to test anxiety in general, they found that mathematics anxiety is a potential factor. They have labeled it ‘number anxiety’, which is often assumed to be a high level of anxiety that can lessen performance. A moderate amount of...

...TABLE OF CONTENTS
ART AND ANXIETY 3
INTRODUCTION 3
BUFFET AND THE AGE OF ANXIETY 4
Who was Bernard Buffet? 5
Bernard Buffet and Anxiety 5
Paul Gauguin and Postimpressionism 7
Who was Paul Gauguin? 8
Paul Gauguin and Anxiety 9
CONCLUSION 13
ART AND ANXIETY
INTRODUCTION
If we look the word anxiety in the dictionary, probably we will find something like the following definition:
“Feeling of worry, nervousness or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome” (Oxford Dictionaries, 2003)
Being this a very literal and ambiguous definition, Sigmund Freud tries to explain it and goes a little further, separating it in three types of anxieties:
The first one is called Reality anxiety and basically occurs when the person is overwhelmed by different pressures and threats from an external event (for example a tsunami). We can say that in essence is a concerns and worry of actual world events. The second one is called Neurotic anxiety and it is an unaware terror of losing self-control or our urges, causing an inappropriate behaviour. For example, hit somebody.
The last one relates to feelings such as guilt and shame, and is a terror of doing something that violates our existing social norms (or moral code). For example, the moment we steal.
During this essay I will focus on the “reality...

...stressor for the family.
Another leading cause of stress in our lives is personal concerns and issues. We all have our own issues
especially with the many things that are bothering us. You may blame the cause of personal stress on the
heavy workload, for example, but the truth is you were actually just procrastinating.
Our personal attitude toward a certain situation may unknowingly affect us. There may be certain
undesirable habits that we need to reassess because these may indirectly cause us to feel stressed. Many
people who have a negative outlook in life easily feel pressured with the things they do.9.3 Describe ways to manage own stress
Managing stress
The key to success is to think positively; take control of your stress and anxiety by learning effective
techniques to combat it. Relaxing bodily tension in order to reduce the physical sensations of stress is a
good place to start. If your body is free of tension your mind tends to be relaxed. This helps you
concentrate and study, take decisions and solve problems. When you are relaxed, you can view each task as
a positive challenge, and use stress as a stimulus to help you to carry it out giving you a relaxing glow of
achievement afterwards.
Looking after yourself Be kind to yourself. Give yourself ʺme timeʺ in which you can choose what you
want to do: Rest; do nothing; try a relaxation technique, massage or yoga; have a long hot bath; spend time
with friends; treat yourself to something...

...Nightmares
The moment of terror you feel when being chased by a masked killer, running for your life through a dark alley. You cry out and scream for help but no one can hear you. You fall, and before you know it, the masked killer is standing right in front of you. He pulls out an axe and you wake up drenched in sweat, realizing it was all just a nightmare. We all have experienced this moment, maybe more than once. Nightmares can be very disturbing because it is hard to understand what produces it and why it acts a certain way.
Nightmare is defined as a dream during the rapid eye movement, which provokes intense negative feeling, such as panic, fear, terror, or anxiety. Everyone has experienced a nightmare one time or another in his or her lifetime. But what happens when nightmares start occurring constantly? The fact is more children experience nightmares more frequently than adults. It is estimated that 50 % of the population does not experience nightmares, according to research done by Tucker Shaw. Approximately 5 to 10% of the population only remembers nightmares once a month, but only small percentage of the population remember nightmares that are disturbing enough effect their lives.
According to Freud, the first psychologist who paid much attention to dreams, stated that nightmares occur based on painful experiences of the past, to startling events that occurred in childhood and even birth itself. These alarming memories of the past left...