Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. Many know him as a guy that wanted to stop racism against blacks. But he did more than just have the “I Have a Dream” speech. He was born on January 15, 1929 and was assassinated on April 4, 1986. Martin was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. He was often presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern American liberalism. He was a Baptist minister. He became a civil rights activist early in his career. He also led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott. In March 1955, a fifteen-year-old school girl, Claudette Colvin refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in compliance with the Jim Crow laws. Marint was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American community that looked into the case; because Colvin was pregnant and unmarried, Therefore E.D. Nixon and Clifford Durr decided to wait for a better case to pursue instead of taking her to court for that. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat. She had just gotten off work her feet her and she was tired of giving up her spot to a male her point was “she felt she didn’t have to and she didn’t understand why” The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by Nixon and led by King, soon followed The boycott lasted for 385 days and the situation became so tense that King's house was bombed. King was arrested during this campaign, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington; there he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. Then he...
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