THE ATTITUDES OF COLLEGE STUDENTS
Begüm Naz Fidan
Fulya Kübra Güneri
This study examined the attitudes of college students toward marriage with the aim of understanding the perception of different age cohort college students opinions about getting married and the term marriage itself. Data was collected from 121 Bahçeşehir University students who are ranged between 18 and 25. Participants completed Hill's (1951) Favorableness of Attitudes toward Marriage Scale (FAMS) questionnaire which assessed thoughts, beliefs and opinions about marriage by consisting of nine items. Results indicated that there is no gender difference in attitudes toward marriage and no relationship between age and attitudes toward marriage. Introduction
Before addressing the previous studies which focused on the meaning of the marriage and attitudes toward marriage, it is vital to mention what kind of attitudes do college students develop about marriage. It is inevitable to see changes in attitudes toward marriage in society which automatically influences the cultural norms. Changes in cultural habits is a common event for every society. One of the fundamental elements who have role in these changes is college students. In a society, socio-cultural structure of the most dynamic potential depends on college students (Türkarslan & Süleymanov, 2010). College students as a representative form of dynamism and modernism have an important power on giving a shape to future and build it in terms of unusual and dynamic structures. That’s why, it is crucial to learn about their beliefs,opinions and preferences about the marriage concept. Nevertheless, in the literaure, marriage was investigated once more and there are many of definitions and explanations about the marriage (T. Nesrin & S. Abuzer, 2010). First of all, marriage can be quoted as “a contract made in due form of law, by which a free man and a free woman reciprocally engage to live with each other during their joint lives, in the union which ought to exist between husband and wife’’ (G. Marsha, 1981). Another definition can be demonstrated as “marriage is about regulating the reproduction of children, families, society. While marriage systems differ, marriage across socities is a public sexual union that creates kinship obligations and sharing of resources between men, women, and the children their sexual union may produce” (G. Maggie, 2004). Further explanation about the marriage is “the union between a man and a woman such that children born to the woman are recognized legitimate offspring of both parents”(G. Kethleen, 1959). Thus, these definitions display that marriage is related to interpersonal relationships, offspring and also, has an increased importance for some cultures that put the marriage institution as a center of their cultures. In spite of the fact that, in marriage, people create kinship which leads to social union between the man and the woman.Hill and Hansen(1960) maintained that family as a “comparatively closed unity ”of persons with little relation to the outside world. There is also several reasons of marriage. It can include legal, social, emotional, spiritiual and religious aspects of the environment and conditions (G. Maggie,2004). Each individual has their own reasons for to choose or not choose marriage. Different attitudes toward marriage causes different perspectives and tendencies among people. In college students, they also develop various attitudes about marriage. This linkage of these behaviors with marriage, however, has changed in recent decades. Just as many social activities were increasingly reorganized outside the family, child-bearing, sex and the gender division of labor began to be organized outside of marriage(Axiin & Thornton, 2000). After clarfying what...