The Marketing Mix
Marketers, in order to bring out desired responses from their target markets, use a number of tools that form a marketing mix. Marketing mix is defined as the set of marketing tools that an organization uses to follow its marketing objectives in the target market. McCarthy has classified these tools as the 4Ps of marketing which are product, price, place and promotion. (McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2002) The 4Ps are the ideas to take into account while marketing a product. They constitute the root of the marketing mix. In order to efficiently market a product, it is therefore imperative to get an optimally correct mix of the 4Ps. In an ideal situation, if a company is able to plan a promotion for the right product, at the right price and to get it to their preferred market, in the right place then it is highly effective for the company.
The most basic marketing mix tool is the product. This is the company's tangible offering to the market that includes the product quality, design, features, branding and packaging. Product can either be goods or a service that is available for sale either to an end customer or a commercial customer. A customer purchases a product and a consumer puts it to use. At times, a customer is also the consumer. For example a father might buy chocolates for his kids in which case the father is the customer and the kid is the end consumer. It is the task of the marketing manager to find out who his target market is what their product demand is, and offer it to them for sale at every stage in the sequence.
For a product to succeed in the marketplace, it has to be appropriately priced. A majority of the consumers associate a higher price with quality and hence one will expect to dish out more for buying a Rolls Royce car compared to a Ford. The price of the product should commensurate with the offer's perceived value in the absence of which the customer will choose to buy competition products. Pricing depends on the category of...
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