Professor Connie Yandow
Seminar in Education Inquiry
04 March 2011 Research Draft
Mandatory Human Papilloma Vaccine
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted disease in the United States. It is estimated that at least 80% of men and women acquire an HPV infection during their lifetime. “In a recent study of women in the United States 25% of fourteen to nineteen year olds were infected with at least one type of HPV. HPV is often acquired within a few months of sexual initiation, even among people with only one partner”. (Contemporary OB/GYN) Men are the main carriers of this infection but once a woman has been exposed to the infection she is also a carrier of HPV. Once a person has been exposed to this virus they will pass it to every partner they are sexually intimate with in their life time. Until recently it was believed that the most dangerous consequences of this virus were cervical and vaginal cancers in women. Recently it was discovered that HPV also causes cancers of the anus, penis, mouth and throat. The study included 1,100 men, ages 18 to 70. They were from the United States, Brazil and Mexico. All were tested for HPV when they enrolled in the study. Half the men were infected, the author told Reuters Health news service. They also were tested every six months for another 2 to 3 years. Researchers found that 6% of the men became newly infected each year with HPV Type 16. (Harvard) The HPV vaccination protects against the four most commonly found strains of HPV. There are two low risk and two high risk strains that are most commonly found. Type 6 and 11 are low risk strains of the virus and cause genital warts. Type 16 and 18 are high risk strains and cause cellular changes that can become cancers. HPV is the only sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can cause cancer in both men and women and it is estimated that eighty percent of the population has HPV whether or not they know it. Anyone who has had sexual intercourse with even one partner probably has been exposed to one or more strains of this virus. Although the recommendation is for the vaccine series to be given between the ages of nine and twenty-six years of age, it will not protect you from strains of the virus that you have already been exposed to. The HPV vaccine should become part of the mandatory vaccines for all sixth graders in order to control this virus and save lives. The best way to help stop the cancers caused by this infection is to have all adolescents vaccinated before they are sexually active. Making the vaccine mandatory in the United States would drastically drop the statistic numbers of men and women getting infected by this virus. Type 6 and 11 cause cauliflower like growths that can be found anywhere in the genital and anal areas in both men and women, although they are usually not painful they can be itchy and can bleed from irritation caused by clothes. These warts do not cause serious health risks but can be very traumatic for those infected with them. The treatment is cryotherapy or trichloroacetic acid applied to the surface of the warts; this is painful and can take weeks of treatments to resolve. Treatment is not a cure and warts can return multiple times over the life span. In recent findings by the CDC Type 16 is occasionally found in warts found on the vulva, penis and anus. Patients who have genital warts are often infected simultaneously with multiple HPV strains. Type 16 and 18 of the virus can cause cervical, vaginal, rectal, oral and throat cancers and according to a clinical study done by Soper “the transmission of HPV typically occurs through skin to skin anogenital contact. Increased risk for acquiring HPV has been associated with multiple sexual partners, younger age of debut, failure to use condoms, and sex with uncircumcised males. Condoms will not protect all infections because the virus lives in the entire genital area”. The HPV vaccine Gardasil was approved...