Management Theory

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Introduction to Management Technology
BMRT 11009 - Section 300
Kent State University

MANAGEMENT

AMY HISSOM
10/26/2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction............................................................................................................................................ 3 Managers and Managing ........................................................................................................................ 4 What is Management?..................................................................................................................... 4 Essential Managerial Tasks............................................................................................................... 4 Levels and Skills of Managers ........................................................................................................... 4 Recent Changes in Management Practices ....................................................................................... 5 Challenges for Management in a Global Environment ...................................................................... 5 The Evolution of Management Thought ................................................................................................. 6 F. W. Taylor (1890-1940): Scientific Management ............................................................................ 6 The Gilbreths: Time-and-Motion Study ........................................................................................... 6 Max Weber (1864-1920): The Theory of Bureaucracy...................................................................... 7 Henri Fayol (1841-1925): Principles of Management ....................................................................... 8 The Work of Mary Parker Follett ...................................................................................................... 8 The Hawthorne Studies.................................................................................................................... 9 Douglas McGregor: Theory X and Theory Y ................................................................................... 10 The Open-Systems View ................................................................................................................ 10 Contingency Theory ....................................................................................................................... 11 Values, Attitudes, Emotions, and Culture: The Manager as a Person................................................... 12 Enduring Characteristics: The Big Five Personality Traits ............................................................... 12 Values, Attitudes, Moods, and Emotions ........................................................................................ 13 Summary .............................................................................................................................................. 15 Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................... 16

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INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this paper is to give a basic understanding of managers and managing. It is a compilation of resources that explain what management is, the different levels of management, and what tasks are essential for managers. It also includes recent changes in management practices along with and explanation of challenges for management in a global environment. Throughout this paper you will gain a basic understanding of the evolution of management thought and the different theories involving management. Although we all have our own values, attitudes, moods, and emotions, so do managers. The last part of this paper gives a basic view of how these affect the manager.

The Four Tasks of Management

Planning
Choose appropriate
organizational goals
and courses of action
to best achieve those
goals.

Controlling

Organizing...
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